STM32F4 Начнем программировать CubeMX!

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

STM32F4 Начнем программировать!

В этой статье мы покажем, какой необходимый набор программных средств и действий необходимо сделать для того, чтобы начать программировать и управлять ядром ARM производства ST.

Наш Опыт программирования различных процессоров начиная с архитектуры х86, С51, AVR, Nios II, TigerShark, ну и конечно STM32, точно нам говорит, что на сегодня почти всё сравнялось, и у всех производителей почти один и тот же подход. Конкретно о подходах и программировании того или иного кристалла и его особенностей мы поговорим дальше, а сейчас просто рассмотрим этапы проектирования и реализации прошивок для микроконтроллеров, который почти одинаков, во многих видах микроконтроллерах с какими то малыми изменениями. Рассмотрим их

Оглавление

1. Этапы проектирование ПО для микроконтроллеров STM32. 2

2. Установка компилятора. 2

3. STM32CubeMX.. 3

3.1. Начинаем работать с STM32CubeMX.. 7

3.1.1. Структура STM32CubeF4_FirmWare. 8

3.1.2. Настройка системы в CubeMX.. 15

3.1.2.1. Окно Настройки кристалла. 17

3.1.2.2. Окно Схема тактирования МК.. 19

3.1.2.3. Окно Конфигурация Элементов МК.. 23

3.2. Программируем в Keil 24

3.2.1. Генерируем инициализационный код, наконец-то. 24

3.2.2. Начинаем программировать. 25

4. Ура мы запустили Keil HAL LED.. 27

5. Заключение. 29

6. Используемые материалы.. 29

1. Этапы проектирование ПО для микроконтроллеров STM32

В этой статье мы покажем, какой необходимый набор программных средств и действий необходимо сделать для того, чтобы начать программировать и управлять ядром ARM производства ST.

Наш Опыт программирования различных процессоров начиная с архитектуры х86, С51, AVR, Nios II, TigerShark, ну и конечно STM32, точно нам говорит, что на сегодня почти всё сравнялось, и у всех производителей почти один и тот же подход. Конкретно о подходах и программировании того или иного кристалла и его особенностей мы поговорим дальше, а сейчас просто рассмотрим этапы проектирования и реализации прошивок для микроконтроллеров, который почти одинаков, во многих видах микроконтроллерах с какими то малыми изменениями. Рассмотрим их:

· Установка компилятора;

· Установка библиотек;

· Выбор языка разработки (ASM, C, C++);

· Выбор среды программы: либо это библиотеки, либо ОС.

o Библиотеки:

§ CMSIS, SPL, HAL;

o ОС :

§ CMSIS RTOS, μC/OS-II , FreeRTOS, Linux, Android и другие;

Теперь перейдем к компиляторам!

2. Установка компилятора

Самих компиляторов очень много под архитектуру ARM, вот основные и наиболее популярные :

· RealView Development Suite (ARM C/C++ Compiler)

· Keil MDK-ARM (ARM C/C++ Compiler)

· IAR Embedded Workbench for ARM (IAR C/C++ Compiler)

· MULTI IDE for ARM (Green Hills C/C++ Compiler)

· CooCox CoIDE (GCC Compiler)

Мы будем использовать Keil, потому что еще давно к нему привыкли J.

Наш проект мы будем компилировать, и запускать в версии Keil 5.17. Качаем его !

Ссылка – https://www.keil.com/download/product/.

Или какой нить не ниже 5.Х.

Установив переходим к установке системной вещи под названием CubeMX.

3. STM32CubeMX

Рис. 3.1 Обзор прицепов работы с CubeMX

STM32CubeMX – это генератор инициализационного кода для семейства STM32, позволяющий автоматически настроить всю периферию, для данного кристалла или сгенерировать инициализационный код для какого-нибудь отладочного набора.

STM32Cube является комплексным программным решением, комбинируя встроенное программное обеспечение элементов MCU на базе программного обеспечения STM32CubeMX. Встроенное программное обеспечение не только охватывает все микроконтроллеры STM32 с высокой переносимостью, драйверов низкого уровня, но поставляется с набором компоненты middleware уровня, такие как RTOS, USB, TCP / IP, файловая система или графика. STM32CubeMX помогает пользователю настроить STM32 MCU (распиновку, цепи тактирования и периферию) и программное обеспечение стеки. Она также может помочь оценить энергопотребление благодаря калькулятору расчета потребляемой мощности. В STM32Cube встроены библиотеки программного обеспечения и STM32CubeMX генератор кода / конфигуратор может быть использован независимо друг от друга, но их полный потенциал достигается когда они используются вместе; как только MCU настроен, Пользователь может генерировать инициализационный C код, основанный на произведённых настройках в STM32CubeMX.

Свои примеры мы будем показать на отладочной плате STM32F429I-DISCO.

Рис. 3.2. Вид отладочной платы STM32F429I-DISCO

Ссылка на страницу STM32CubeMX для всех семейств:

http://www.st.com/web/catalog/tools/FM147/CL1794/SC961/SS1533/PF259242 **

Ссылка на страницу STM32CubeMX для семейства STM32F4 набор библиотек :

· http://www.st.com/web/en/catalog/tools/PF259243

Устанавливаем его и переходим к процессу создания и настройки проекта для STM32.

** – внизу ссылка на саму программу, а для установки соответствующих библиотек , надо выбрать, соответствующий набор, подходящей для выбранного семейства, мы будем вести изложение на примере семейства STM32F4.

3.1. Начинаем работать с STM32CubeMX

Общие принципы работы в STM32CubeMX — создаем проект, выбираем микроконтроллер и нам сразу же предлагается большая схема со всеми выводами выбранного нами контроллера. Нажимая на выводы и заходя в разнообразные меню, мы легко настраиваем как периферию, так и режимы работы каждого конкретного вывода. Сразу же очевидные плюсы — можно наглядно увидеть, какие выводы уже заняты, а какие еще свободны (в крупных проектах — более чем полезная фишка). Как все это работает мы еще увидим на примере, а пока обсудим в общих чертах )

Итак, мы выбрали все нужные нам выводы, ввели все настройки периферии (например, частоты тактирования, режимы работы таймеров….), и STM32CubeMx дает нам возможность сгенерировать соответствующий код. То есть в итоге мы получаем готовый проект, с уже прописанными настройками, с подключенными библиотеками и с готовой инициализацией всей выбранной периферии. Базой для всего этого являются библиотеки CMSIS и HAL. CMSIS мы уже давно знакомы, а вот вторая библиотека — это что-то новое. – Здесб надо дать ссылку на статью, где описывается CMSIS SPL HAL)

Библиотека STM32 HAL Driver пришла (пока еще не окончательно) на смену всем хорошо известной библиотеке Standard Peripheral Library (SPL). В принципе, и структура и функции этих библиотек очень схожи, но HAL более заточена под принцип «вызвал функцию и сразу заработало». Для тех, кому не особо хочется возиться с какими-то низкоуровневыми настройками периферии — то что надо 😉Естественно, на данный момент библиотека еще «сыровата», есть некоторые недоработки, но с каждым новым релизом ситуация все лучше и лучше.

Перейдем к практике. И тут я решил остановить свой выбор на семействе STM32F4, хотя это не имеет особого значения, поскольку мы всего лишь хотим ознакомиться с функционалом и принципом работы STM32CubeMx. Итак ST предлагают нам во-первых, собственно, сам STM32CubeMx (в скачанном архиве будет .exe файл для установки программы), а также набор библиотек STM32Cube FirmWare F4. Несмотря на почти одинаковые названия архивов на сайте ST — это абсолютно разные вещи. CubeMx — готовый софт для конфигурирования периферии, Cube FW — набор множества библиотек.

3.1.1. Структура STM32CubeF4_FirmWare

И для начала рассмотрим, что же за библиотеки нам предлагаются. Распаковываем архив и начинаем ковырять:

Рис. 3.1.1.1. Структура папок STM32CubeF4_FirmWare

Рис. 3.1.1.2. Количество примеров для определённых отладочных плат

Рис. 3.1.1.3. Программные компоненты, реализованные в STM32CubeF4_FirmWare

Рис. 3.1.1.4. Программная архитектура STM32CubeF4_FirmWare

Архитектура имеет три уровня реализации, которые оисывают свой уровень обстракции:

· Level 0: Этот уровень делится на три подуровня:
• Пакет Поддержки Платформы (BSP): этот слой предлагает набор программных интерфейсов, связанных с аппаратными Компонентами на аппаратных платах (Аудиокодек, I / O расширитель, Сенсорный экран, SRAM драйвер, ЖК драйверы. и т.д …) и состоит из двух частей:

o Компонент: это драйвер, связанные с внешним устройством на плате, и не связан с STM32, драйвер компонент обеспечивает определенные интерфейсы к BSP внешнего компонента драйвера и могут быть перенесены на любую плату.

o BSP драйвер: он позволяет драйверу компонента должны быть связаны с конкретной плате и предоставляет набор удобных интерфейсов. Правило API именования BSP_FUNCT_Action (): напр. BSP LED_Init (), BSP LED_On ()

Он основан на модульной архитектуре, что позволяет ему быть легко перенесен на любом оборудовании, просто реализации подпрограммы низкого уровня.

• Уровень Аппаратных Абстракций (HAL): этот слой предоставляет драйвер низкого уровня, и методы аппаратных интерфейсов, чтобы взаимодействовать с верхними слоями (приложения, библиотеки и стеки). Он обеспечивает общий, мульти экземпляр и функционально ориентированные интерфейсы, которые позволяют чтобы разгрузить реализацию пользовательского приложения, предоставляя готовые к использованию процессов. Для примера: для периферийных устройств связи (I2S, UART ) он обеспечивает интерфейсы позволяющие инициализации и настройки периферийного уровня, управлять передачей данных на основе опроса, прерываниями или DMA процессом и управлять ошибками связи с которые могут возникать во время коммуникация. HAL Драйверы API делятся на две категории :

o общие интерфейсы API, которые обеспечивают общие и определенные функции на всех сериях расширения API,

o STM32 который предусматривает конкретные и индивидуальные функции для конкретного семейства или определенной части семейства.

Основные примеры периферийного использования: этот слой содержит примеры основных операций в STM32F4 периферии используя только ресурсы HAL и BSP.

· Level 1: Этот уровень разделен на два подуровня:

• Компоненты промежуточного уровня(Middleware components:): набор библиотек, охватывающих USB Host и библиотеки устройств, STemWin, LibJPEG, FreeRTOS, FatFs, LwIP и PolarSSL. горизонтальное взаимодействие между компонентами этого слоя осуществляются непосредственно путем вызова API, функцию во время работы вертикальная взаимодействие с драйверами низкого уровня осуществляется с помощью специфических обратных вызовов и статические макросы реализованные в интерфейсе библиотеки системных вызовов. Например, FatFs Реализует дисковый ввод / вывод драйвер для доступа к диск MicroSD или USB Mass Storage Класс. Основные особенности каждого компонента промежуточного программного таковы:

o USB Host и Device Библиотеки :

– классы Несколько USB поддерживаются (запоминающих, HID, CDC, DFU, аудио-, MTP) – Поддержка мульти функции пакетной передачи: позволяет отправлять большие объемы данных
без разделения их на макс трансфертов размер пакета.

– Использует файлы конфигурации, чтобы изменить ядро и конфигурацию библиотеки без изменения кода библиотеки (только чтение).

– Включает в себя 32-разрядных выровненные структуры данных для обработки передачи DMA основе в Highspeed Режимы.

– Поддержка мульти USB OTG основные экземпляры из пользовательского уровня через конфигурационный файл (Позволяет работать с более чем одним USB хост / устройство периферии).

– RTOS и Автономная работа

– Связь с низкоуровневым драйвером осуществляется через уровень абстракции, используя

Файл конфигурации, чтобы избежать каких-либо зависимости между Библиотекой и низкого уровня драйвера.

o Стек STemWin Графический

– Профессиональные решения для развития GUI на основе EMWIN Segger в решение

– Оптимизированные драйверы дисплея
– Программы для генерации кода и редактирования растрового (STemWin Builder …)

o LibJPEG

– Стандарт с открытым исходным кодом

– Реализация C для кодирования изображения JPEG и декодирования.

o FreeRTOS

– Стандарт с открытым исходным кодом

– Уровень совместимости CMSIS
– Операция Tickless в режиме пониженного энергопотребления

– Интеграция со всеми модулями STM32Cube Middleware

o FAT файловой системы

– FatFs FAT библиотека с открытым исходным кодом

– Поддержки длинных имен

– Поддержка динамических несколькими накопителями

– RTOS и режимом автономной работы

– Примеры с MicroSD и USB хост-класса запоминающих

o LwIP TCP / IP стек

– Стандарт с открытым исходным

– RTOS и режимом автономной работы

• Примеры, основанные на компонентах Middleware: каждый Middleware компонент поставляется с одним или несколькими примерами (называемых также приложений), показывающие, как использовать его примеры интеграции, которые используют несколько компонентов промежуточного также предоставляются.

· Level 2: Этот уровень состоит из одного слоя, который является глобальным реальным-временем и графическое демонстрации на основе слоя Middleware программного обеспечения, слоя низкого уровне абстракции и приложений, которые используют периферийные устройств для функции поддерживаемых отладочным набором.

3.1.2. Настройка системы в CubeMX

Попробуем создать проект для нашей отладочной платы STM32F429I-DISCO!

Рис. 3.1.2.1. Стартовое окно

Выбираем новый проект – “New Project“. Сразу же открывается окно с огромным количеством настроек, в котором нам необходимо выбрать микроконтроллер, который мы собираемся использовать в нашем проекте. Я выбрал STM32F429I‑DISCO0. Появляется новое окно:

Рис. 3.1.2.2. Окно выбора либо кристалла, либо отладочной платы

Выбираем закладку Board Selector и видим следующее окно


Рис. 3.1.2.3. Окно выбора либо кристалла, либо отладочной платы с общим описанием платы

Далее двойным щелчком выбираем плату и видим опять новое окно J))).

3.1.2.1. Окно Настройки кристалла

Рис. 3.1.2.4. Окно Настройки кристалла

В окне на рис. 3.1.2.3. Показаны два поля : 1 – ое , позволяет настроить те или иные регистры в заданные состояния, а справа, во втором окне , задана цоколевка кристалла. Если заметить, то на многих пинах уже заданы определенные настойки. Допустим на пинах PC14, PC15 – эти пины определены, как вход и выход для кварцевого резонатора. А ножка PC1 – определена как SPI и подходит к MEMS датчику. Вот в принципе общие возможности. Так же по нажатию мышки на пин, можно выбрать его настройки, если вы хотите его переопределить! ТО есть всё очень удобно и наглядно, что очень важно, чтоб не сидеть и не писать что где и как ! Очень системный подход!

Рис. 3.1.2.5. Представлены возможные иконки состояния тех или иных регистров

3.1.2.2. Окно Схема тактирования МК

Далее идет закладка “Clock Configuration“, посмотрим что там! Ну и что Вы видите ?! Красота !

Рис. 3.1.2.5. Схема тактирования МК

Опять же всё очень наглядно и можно менять многие параметры и при этом учитываться допустимые соотношения делителя и умножителя PLL и если вы зададите недопустимые данные то, вам высветиться ошибка!

Переходим к следующей закладке “Configaration“. В ней мы можем настроить MiddleWare уровень, добавить MiddleWare компоненты а также настроить периферию. Ну я для примера добавил FASTFS , FreeRTOS , и эти элементы добавляться в систему и можно произвести их настройку. В тестовом примере мы пока их не будем использовать. Так же видно что у нас нет никакой аналоговой части. Это связано с етм что в первом окне мы не выбрали ни одного АЦП. Это можно легко сделать перейти на первую вкладку и выбрав какой нить АЦП .

Рис. 3.1.2.6. Настройка конфигурации периферии и MiddleWare компонентов


Рис. 3.1.2.6. Пример выбора АЦП

Для примеры мы просто создадим настройки по умолчания, где нет АЦП и дополнительных компонентов.

Рис. 3.1.2.7. Пример нашего тестового проекта

3.1.2.3. Окно Конфигурация Элементов МК

Следующая закладка, отвечает за расчет мощности рассеивания. Но её мы рассматривать не будет. Посмотрите её сами. А теперь перейдём к самому ответственному это написания кода, включение и управление нашим китом!

3.2. Программируем в Keil

3.2.1. Генерируем инициализационный код, наконец-то

От создания кода нас отделяет, какая то малость.

Рис. 3.2.1.1. Вызываем меню создания инициализационного кода

Откроется окошко, в котором можно выбрать имя и папку вашего проекта. Выбрать компилятор, в данном случае выбираем “MDKARM V 5″ (Keil v5.x). А во второй закладке можно выбрать опции создания вашего кода. Всё, осталось запустить генерацию!

Рис. 3.2.1.2. Опции генерации проекта

Последний штрих это то, что программа позволяет создать отчет о вашем проекте , это делается в том же меню где выбирали генерацию кода, как показано на рис. 3.2.1.1. Сделайте его самостоятельно! Ну а теперь. Будет очень трудно. Так что идите перекусите, подкрепитесь или просто походите вокруг стула, для отвлечения. И снова возвращайтесь к нам. Дальше интереснее!!!

3.2.2. Начинаем программировать

Заходим в папку с проектом у меня он выглядит так.

Рис. 3.2.2.1. Структура фалов проекта

CubeMX нам создал папку проекта, где уже есть все необходимые файлы для компиляции. Раньше же это надо было делать руками и из общего набора заголовочных фалов и исходников кода, создавать свои сборки. Теперь этого не надо, всё уже в одной папки и рядом! При этом вы можете использовать просто голый CMSIS либо HAL ( дать ссылку на статью, где даеться пояснение на эту тему).

Ну чтож по приветствуем мир J))). С учетом того, что в пункте 2, мы произвели установку Keil, заходим в папку MDKARM и находим там Проектный файл для Keil, с расширением *.uvprojx запускаем его. У меня он будет называться “Second.uvprojx” (потому что первый у меня не получился ^) .

Рис. 3.2.2.2. Структура проекта

Мне кажется очень неплохая структура, проекта которая разбита на следующие папки и уровни:

· HAL API – функции HAL уровня;

· CMSIS – драйверы низкого уровня;

· Application/USER – прикладные функции (main.с, _it.c – описание обработчиков прерывания и др.) ;

· Application/MDKARM – здесь стартап ассемблерный код (файл startup_stm32f429xx.s ), в котором указана описание функций обработчиков прерывания и указание на main entry point ( на начальную входную функцию , т.е. функцию main), функцию, с которой будет грузиться проект.

Мы в последующих статьях рассмотрим больше подробностей , а сейчас просто попробуем написать пару строк для мигания светодиодом, посредством HAL и поймем заключительные моменты для запуска полноценного приложения!

4. Ура мы запустили Keil HAL LED

А сейчас допишем такие строки в код фала main.c

1. int main(void)

2. {

3.

4. /* USER CODE BEGIN 1 */

5.

6. /* USER CODE END 1 */

7.

8. /* MCU Configuration———————————————————-*/

9.

10. /* Reset of all peripherals, Initializes the Flash interface and the Systick. */

11. HAL_Init();

12.

13. /* Configure the system clock */

14. SystemClock_Config();

15.

16. /* Initialize all configured peripherals */

17. MX_GPIO_Init();

18.

19. /* USER CODE BEGIN 2 */

20.

21. /* USER CODE END 2 */

22.

23. /* Infinite loop */

24. /* USER CODE BEGIN WHILE */

25. while (1)

26. {

27. /* USER CODE END WHILE */

28.

29. /* USER CODE BEGIN 3 */

30.

31.

32. HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOG,GPIO_PIN_13,GPIO_PIN_RESET);

33. HAL_Delay(500);

34. HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOG,GPIO_PIN_13,GPIO_PIN_SET);

35. HAL_Delay(500);

36.

37. // GPIO_Pin_13

38.

39.

40.

41. }

42. /* USER CODE END 3 */

43.

44. }

Строки с 32 – 35 вставляем в файл main.c .А теперь самый ответственный момент зашьем проект.

5. Заключение

Мы познакомились с необходимым набором элементов для программирования и разработки проектов под МК STM32 на базе процессоров CortexM4. Познакомились с архитектурой и структурой проекта построенного с использованием CubeMX, с настройками приложения CubeMX. Так же научились и разобрались со структурой проекта в Keil. Ну и конечно создали программу мигания светодиодом, расположенным не плате с использованием функцция HAL. В следующих статьях мы более углублённо и детально разберем создания новых проектов и работы с переферией платы по средством Keil! Спасибо за внимание !

6. Используемые материалы

ARM® Cortex®-M:

· Cortex-M Series from ARM.com ;

· Wikipedia ARM_Cortex-M

· Cortex-M4 Technical Reference Manual

STM32 STMicroelectronics:

· ST.com

· STM32 Cortex-M

Статьи :

· Cortex-M4 STM32



Next Запись

Реализация беспроводного канала управления при помощи встраиваемых радиомодулей 433МГц STM32F4

 Реализация беспроводного канала управления при помощи встраиваемых радиомодулей 433МГц ... Read more




Previous Запись

ARM Cortex - M4 вычислительные возможности ( DSP, MAC , FPU , SIMD )

 ARM Cortex - M4 вычислительные вохможности ( DSP, MAC ... Read more

Звёзд: 1Звёзд: 2Звёзд: 3Звёзд: 4Звёзд: 5 (1 оценок, в среднем: 5,00 из 5)
Загрузка...

49 thoughts on “STM32F4 Начнем программировать CubeMX!”

  1. Друг says:

    Нормально! Доходчиво! Ждем продолжение!

  2. My says:

    А всё же поподробнее можно раскрыть закладку Configuration???

  3. виталий says:

    пытаюсь через cube подключить sd-карту к stm32f429i через sdio в однобитном режиме с fatfs- ничего не получается(((

    1. Admin
      Admin says:

      Посмотрите вот этот ресурс http://stm32f4-discovery.net/2015/09/hal-library-27-identification-for-stm32fxxx/ , здесь в библиотеке вроде есть драйверы к fastfs , а в нем есть управление SD.

  4. Mpa3b says:

    В следующих статьях мы более углублённо и детально разберем создания новых проектов и работы с переферией платы по средством Keil
    —–

    было ли продолжение?

  5. XRumerTest says:

    Hello. And Bye.

  6. Henryfoect says:

    Ремонт систем отопления в частном доме

  7. Henryfoect says:

    Установка систем отопления в коттедже

  8. Antikollektorbek says:

    Здравствуйте!

    Если у вас есть проблемные долги, мы можем через суд списать долг полностью.

    Если у вас нет долгов, то извините за беспокойство!

    Мы предлагаем официальную процедуру банкротства физического лица. Опытные юристы и арбитражный управляющий подготовят все необходимые документы и подадут в арбитражный суд. Заключение договора, все официально!

    Подробности по WhatsApp +79932162571

    Банкротство физических лиц предусматривает освобождение должника от финансовых обязательств в результате признания его неплатежеспособным! После банкротства вас не будут беспокоить коллекторы и судебные приставы. У вас не будет долгов и исполнительных производств.

  9. rousejib says:

    The airport in Liepaja did a great job – in 2015 after its
    reconstruction was completed. At the airport a significant
    drainage effort was undertaken, a new cover for the take-off
    track was laid, the take-off strip was reinforced, the cover
    of the shunting route was improved and expanded, parking places
    for the aircraft were renovated as well. After Liepaja Airport
    was certified for commercial flights for the summer season in
    2016, the Latvian national airline “AirBaltic” launched regular
    flights between Riga and Liepaja. During the first half of that
    year, more than 4,780 passengers were transported along this
    route. The five most popular

  10. rousejib says:

    Rolands Petersons, member of the board of CPM Trading SIA,
    Railway transport is one of the most promising modes of inland transport, and, at the moment, it is said to be the crucial element in the economy of Latvia. Considering the entire volume of inland transport, the share of railway freight is about 52%, whereas the volume of the passenger transportation is 6% and in Riga suburban area the number is increasing up to 30%. However, the data summarized by the Ministry of Communications still shows that in Latvia the volume of freight rail transportation by comparison with 2016 has decreased by 8.4% and amounted to 43.792 million tons.

    Traffic congestion can lead to a loss of 200 billion euros
    The mobility of goods is an essential component of the EU internal market; this greatly contributes to the competitiveness of the industry and services in Europe. The types of lengthy transportation as railway can reduce their costs, which arise in connection with the traffic congestion on the roads. The increase of approximately 50% is projected by the year 2050, reaching a volume of almost 200 billion euros per year.

    In the future, it is possible to increase the volume of rail transportation. Rolands petersons defacto
    The amount of international rail transportation in 2017 was 42.138 million tons, which showed a decline of 9.1% compared to 2016. However, domestic traffic has increased by 11.5% to 1.653 million tonnes. The volume of transit cargo from the total amount of international rail freight transport amounted to 38.719 million tons, which showed a drop of 6.5% compared to the previous year, the volume of imported goods was 3.067 million tons, or 22.4% less, and the volume of export cargo was 351 800 tons, which was a drop of 2.8 times. In 2016, in Latvia, by rail, 47.821 million tons were transported. Taking into consideration the decline in the international transport sector in 2017, the question is, by which means can we achieve the volume increase? By implementation of the well-considered long-term solutions, it is possible to get back to the level that used to be before the embargo against Russia was introduced in 2013.

    Increase of the average commercial speed of freight trains.
    One of the key priorities nowadays is the development of the railway infrastructure, and in this case, it is expected, the railway infrastructure can be financed by the European Union.Rolands petersons defacto It is essential to find a solution how to increase the average commercial speed of freight trains since the speed is only about 18 km/h on the majority international routes in Europe. One of the solutions can be the improvement of cooperation between existing infrastructure organizations in Europe. The actual train system needs to be adapted to the needs of the railway freight transport sector, especially in the EU freight rail corridors. This would contribute to the competitiveness of rail transport with other modes of transport, especially with the road transport sector, which infrastructure is easily accessible in all Member States.

    Well-thought-out charge for the use of infrastructure. Rolands petersons defacto
    Freight trains pay for each kilometer of the railway infrastructure, which again adversely affects the competitiveness of the railway in comparison with road transport, where such charge is not always introduced. Setting the price that users are required to pay for getting into the infrastructure, it would be necessary to take into account the impact on the environment and pollution, congestion, accidents and other aspects. Rolands petersons defacto
    The state should provide a proper support for organizations managing infrastructure, and rail transport enterprises should strive to improve the competitiveness of rail freight services, especially in regards to reliability, filling, elasticity, customer orientation, and the duration and cost of transportation, as these are the main aspects which are considered by an average consignor in selecting any of the available modes of transport.

    Elimination imperfections in the liberalization of the freight transport process
    In cooperation with both, the public and private sectors, at the international level, imperfections related to the liberalization of freight rail transport, communication lines procedures, administrative and technical restrictions, monitoring and anticipating performance in the rail freight industry, and fair competition between different modes of transportation. Therefore, it is necessary to find out the ways to make a better use of available EU funding and target it to the rail transport industry in order to achieve improvements in such areas as a coherent approach to policy objectives and funding (while focusing on corridors for freight railways transportation), for the selection, planning and management of projects, as well as for the maintenance of railroad networks.

    Not only update, but also regularly support
    It is essential to take to the new level not only the quality of the services provided to carriers and shippers of rail freight but, in general, to improve the competitiveness of rail freight transport; infrastructure managing organizations should not only update and modernize the railway network but also to regularly support it.Rolands petersons defacto This is especially important for the corridors of rail freight. If the tracks are not properly maintained, the speed limits will have to be applied and the railway lines will gradually be obstructed.

  11. Alonzovem says:

    ребят, здорово, помогите определиться!
    торжество у моей милой в конце месяца, колечко хотел купить, но не знаю где именно!, в каком ювелирном интернет магазине лучшие цены на бриллианты?
    переплачивать за бренд Тифани или Картье, посути за бирку не хочется, лучше колеса на крузак новые поставлю 🙂
    присоветовали мне купить в купибриле, вроде компания Верум даймонд называется, делают все что хош и быстро
    есть сомнение делать из платины или из белого золото 750 пробы,имеет смысл за доставку платить или лучше в Москву сгонять, самому забрать

  12. Alonzovem says:

    привет парни, дайте совет!
    через два месяца 2019 наступит, надо милую порадовать, кольцо с брюликами думаю подарить!, где лучше покупать ювелирку с бриллиантами?
    переплачивать за бренд Тифани или Картье, посути за бирку не хочется, лучше колеса на крузак новые поставлю 🙂
    коллега рекомендовал Верум Даймонд, колечко у них покупал, говорит точь в точь как у Tiffani вышло
    думаю вот желтое золото или белое купить,по срокам вроде успеваю к дате, если что доплачу им пятак, чтобы поторопились, как думаете?

  13. tarasjib says:

    Rolands Petersons, member of the board of CPM Trading SIA,
    Railway transport is one of the most promising modes of inland transport, and, at the moment, it is said to be the crucial element in the economy of Latvia.Rolands petersons privatbank Considering the entire volume of inland transport, the share of railway freight is about 52%, whereas the volume of the passenger transportation is 6% and in Riga suburban area the number is increasing up to 30%. However, the data summarized by the Ministry of Communications still shows that in Latvia the volume of freight rail transportation by comparison with 2016 has decreased by 8.4% and amounted to 43.792 million tons.Rolands petersons privatbank

    Traffic congestion can lead to a loss of 200 billion euros
    The mobility of goods is an essential component of the EU internal market; this greatly contributes to the competitiveness of the industry and services in Europe. The types of lengthy transportation as railway can reduce their costs, which arise in connection with the traffic congestion on the roads. The increase of approximately 50% is projected by the year 2050, reaching a volume of almost 200 billion euros per year.Rolands petersons privatbank

    In the future, it is possible to increase the volume of rail transportation.
    The amount of international rail transportation in 2017 was 42.138 million tons, which showed a decline of 9.1% compared to 2016. However, domestic traffic has increased by 11.5% to 1.653 million tonnes. The volume of transit cargo from the total amount of international rail freight transport amounted to 38.719 million tons, which showed a drop of 6.5% compared to the previous year, the volume of imported goods was 3.067 million tons, or 22.4% less, and the volume of export cargo was 351 800 tons, which was a drop of 2.8 times.Rolands petersons privatbank In 2016, in Latvia, by rail, 47.821 million tons were transported. Taking into consideration the decline in the international transport sector in 2017, the question is, by which means can we achieve the volume increase? By implementation of the well-considered long-term solutions, it is possible to get back to the level that used to be before the embargo against Russia was introduced in 2013.

    Increase of the average commercial speed of freight trains.
    One of the key priorities nowadays is the development of the railway infrastructure, and in this case, it is expected, the railway infrastructure can be financed by the European UnionRolands petersons privatbank. It is essential to find a solution how to increase the average commercial speed of freight trains since the speed is only about 18 km/h on the majority international routes in Europe. One of the solutions can be the improvement of cooperation between existing infrastructure organizations in Europe.Rolands petersons privatbank The actual train system needs to be adapted to the needs of the railway freight transport sector, especially in the EU freight rail corridors. This would contribute to the competitiveness of rail transport with other modes of transport, especially with the road transport sector, which infrastructure is easily accessible in all Member States.

    Well-thought-out charge for the use of infrastructure.
    Freight trains pay for each kilometer of the railway infrastructure, which again adversely affects the competitiveness of the railway in comparison with road transport, where such charge is not always introduced. Setting the price that users are required to pay for getting into the infrastructure, it would be necessary to take into account the impact on the environment and pollution, congestion, accidents and other aspects.Rolands petersons privatbank
    The state should provide a proper support for organizations managing infrastructure, and rail transport enterprises should strive to improve the competitiveness of rail freight services, especially in regards to reliability, filling, elasticity, customer orientation, and the duration and cost of transportation, as these are the main aspects which are considered by an average consignor in selecting any of the available modes of transport.Rolands petersons privatbank

    Elimination imperfections in the liberalization of the freight transport process
    In cooperation with both, the public and private sectors, at the international level, imperfections related to the liberalization of freight rail transport, communication lines procedures, administrative and technical restrictions, monitoring and anticipating performance in the rail freight industry, and fair competition between different modes of transportation. Therefore, it is necessary to find out the ways to make a better use of available EU funding and target it to the rail transport industry in order to achieve improvements in such areas as a coherent approach to policy objectives and funding (while focusing on corridors for freight railways transportation), for the selection, planning and management of projects, as well as for the maintenance of railroad networks.

    Not only update, but also regularly support
    It is essential to take to the new level not only the quality of the services provided to carriers and shippers of rail freight but, in general, to improve the competitiveness of rail freight transport; infrastructure managing organizations should not only update and modernize the railway network but also to regularly support it.Rolands petersons privatbank This is especially important for the corridors of rail freight. If the tracks are not properly maintained, the speed limits will have to be applied and the railway lines will gradually be obstructed.Rolands petersons privatbank

  14. KelliMax says:

    Need help funding a “gray” project. Moneyback after two month+20%. BTC:1G4jeazU6meRvSgMxPvLKsN4tmij9Vrood

  15. Aleyjib says:

    Transport and logistics industries are of particular importance for the Latvian economy since they have a steady GDP growth and provide services to virtually all other sectors of the national economy. Every year it is emphasized that this sector should be recognized as a priority and extend its promotion, however, the representatives of the transport and logistics sector are looking forward to more concrete and long-term solutions.Rolands petersons privatbank

    9.1% of the value added to the GDP of Latvia

    Despite the political and economic changes of the last decade, the influence of the transport and logistics industry on the economy of our country remains high: in 2016 the sector increased the value added to the GDP by 9.1%. Moreover, the average monthly gross wage is still higher then in other sectors – in 2016 in other sectors of the economy it was 859 euros, whereas in storage and transportation sector the average gross wage is about 870 euros (1,562 euros – water transport, 2,061 euros – air transport, 1059 euros in the of storage and auxiliary transport activities, etc.).

    Special economic area as an additional support Rolands petersons privatbank

    The positive examples of the logistics industry are the ports that have developed a good structure. Riga and Ventspils ports function as free ports, and the Liepaja port is included in the Liepaja Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Companies operating in free ports and SEZ can receive not only the 0 tax rate for customs, excise, and value-added tax but also a discount of up to 80% of the company’s income and up to 100% of the real estate tax.Rolands petersons privatbank The port is actively implementing various investment projects related to the construction and development of industrial and distribution parks. The attraction of investments promotes the creation of higher added value, development of production, expansion of a spectrum of given services and creation of new workplaces. It is necessary to bring to the attention the small ports – SKULTE, Mersrags, SALACGRiVA, Pavilosta, Roja, Jurmala, and Engure, which currently occupy a stable position in the Latvian economy and have already become regional economic activity centers.Rolands petersons privatbank

    Port of Liepaja, will be the next Rotterdam.Rolands petersons privatbank

    There is also a wide range of opportunities for growth, and a number of actions that can be taken to meet projected targets. There is a strong need for the services with high added value, the increase of the processed volumes of cargo by attracting new freight flows, high-quality passenger service and an introduction of modern technologies and information systems in the area of transit and logistics.Rolands petersons privatbank Liepaja port has all the chances to become the second Rotterdam in the foreseeable future.

    Latvia as a distribution center for cargos from Asia and the Far East.

    One of the most important issues for further growth of the port and special economic zone is the development of logistics and distribution centers, mainly focusing on the attraction of goods from Asia and the Far East.Rolands petersons privatbank Latvia can serve as a distribution center for cargos in the Baltic and Scandinavian countries for Asia and the Far East (f.e. China, Korea). The tax regime of the Liepaja Special Economic Zone in accordance with the Law “On Taxation in Free Ports and Special Economic Zones” on December 31, 2035. This allows traders to conclude an agreement on investment and tax concession until December 31, 2035, until they reach a contractual level of assistance from the investments made.Rolands petersons privatbank Considering the range of benefits provided by this status, it is necessary to consider the possible extension of the term.

    Infrastructure development and expansion of warehouse space

    Our advantage lies in the fact that there is not only a strategic geographical position but also a developed infrastructure that includes deep-water berths, cargo terminals, pipelines and territories free from the cargo terminal.Rolands petersons privatbank Apart from this, we can add a good structure of pre-industrial zone, distribution park, multi-purpose technical equipment, as well as the high level of security not only in terms of delivery but also in terms of the storage and handling of goods.Rolands petersons privatbank In the future, it would be advisable to pay more attention to access roads (railways and highways), increase the volume of storage facilities, and increase the number of services provided by ports.Rolands petersons privatbank Participation in international industry exhibitions and conferences will make it possible to attract additional foreign investments and will contribute to the improvement of international image.Rolands petersons privatbank

  16. Rozajib says:

    The transport development has caused objective problems for traffic in cities around the world, including Latvia, and the reason for this is a rapid increase in the number of vehicles. Road congestion is the most urgent problem in a trip planning because it affects the total time of transportation and, therefore, costs that have a particular relevance to the logistics industry. The quality of the roads, a painful subject in the past, has a significant impact on transportation time. Without high-quality roads, it is impossible to improve the efficiency of transport, which, in the context of economic globalization, is said to be one of the main directions for the logistics development.Rolands petersons privatbank

    Promises against statistics

    At the end of 2017, according to the report “Global Competitiveness Index”, which was annually compiled by experts from the World Economic Forum, Latvia was not ranked among the top 100 countries of the world’s rating. (out of 137 countries participating in the ranking, Latvia took 107th place, and Lithuania and Estonia took the 37th and 38th places) Despite this, VAS (State Roads of Latvia) announced that, despite the increase in traffic on Latvian roads, their quality has been improved in recent years.

    EU assessment – Stable 3 points.

    In 2017, 65.1 million euros were spent on the development of the national roads, including 32.3 million for the summer period works, and 32.8 million for the winter period works.Rolands petersons privatbank In the same year, it was also planned to spend 37 million more, compared with the previous year. However, even these investments have not resulted in the average level of road quality in the European Union.Rolands petersons privatbank According to the latest report, the average level in the EU is estimated at 4.76 points, Latvia, compared to that has been given 3.05 points.

    The state of the roads not only hinders the development of the logistics industry but also contributes to the disproportionate level and the pace of social and economic development of the regions.Rolands petersons privatbank The most remote regions of Latvia can develop tourism facilities, offer industrial premises for entrepreneurs, etc. however, if there is no road system to get to these cites, no results shall be expected.Rolands petersons privatbank

    Financing is eight times less than it needs to be.

    “Requests for the organization of roads,” “Road quality is catastrophic” – these headlines often appear in the mass media, while road maps try to reduce the existing damage by implementation of available sources, however, there is no sign of a significant improvement, when the funding is eight times less than it is necessary.Rolands petersons privatbank At the same time, we make the mistake of struggling only with the consequences of the disease, when we need to identify the root of the problem and take the preventive measures.

    One of the main problems that can be figured out now is the climate of the country, which in Latvia will not change significantly in the future, therefore, the problem will remain constant.Rolands petersons privatbank The number of vehicles will also increase, so the question is: how to increase financing, which is the most important addition to the urgent issues.Rolands petersons privatbank 130 million euros are required annually for maintenance and repair works of local and gravel roads but this amount cannot be provided only by EU funds. It is also completely unclear how the situation will look like in 2020, after the end of EU funding program.

    Without the excise tax on fuel, there is no chance for survival

    The fact that the change is expected in 2020, the spring of 2018 is said to be the moment to start an intensive work and stimulate actions – change existing arrangements related to the existing tax system (only a third of the tax, paid by road users, are redirected to roads).Rolands petersons privatbank The time when it was possible to pull out a part of the income from tax has passed. Furthermore, we need to increase the number of public-private partnership projects in the sphere of the road construction, although this stage requires a proper preparation.Rolands petersons privatbank

    In addition to financing, other necessary support measures need to be introduced: dumping water from roads in certain areas, timely planning, more restrictive control on roads, etc.Rolands petersons privatbank

  17. artemjib says:

    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons privatbank has released new forecasts on Poland becoming the logistics centre of Europe. Newest OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) data are indicating the increase of living standards in Poland, positive tendencies in economy and rapid development of the labour market.Rolands petersons privatbank
    Experts at OECD has appreciated a change in the Polish labour market – a fall of the unemployment level to the lowest ever, reaching the lowest point in the last twenty years; labour demand is growing; and everything indicates a significant growth of average wages in the near future. Unemployment levels in Poland in 2017 were low – 4,9% and all the forecast are indicating the continuous fall reaching 4,2% in 2018 and 3,8% in 2019. GDP will go on increasing, but a little bit more slowly. Forecasts for 2018 are 4,2%, but in 2019 – 3,7%. It should be mentioned that in 2017 GDP was 4,6%[1].Rolands petersons privatbank
    Poland should think more about the agricultural production export area. Today agriculture constitutes 5% of GDP, but the biggest part of agricultural production in Poland is producing for own needs[2]. Export products for the most part are milk products, meat and potatoes. Rolands petersons privatbank By developing its infrastructure, Poland would be able to succeed exports. Rolands petersons privatbank The Baltic Sea provides the opportunity to develop cargo carriage faster than it is done now, according to Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons privatbank who offers his thoughts on Poland economy.
    To keep this positive tendency, Poland has to find opportunities to invest in proficiency enhancement, development of infrastructure and innovations. There should be a strategy allowing continuation and even growth of infrastructural investments.Rolands petersons privatbank
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  18. Alexeyjib says:

    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. has released a new forecasts of Cyprus economy, which has definitely recovered from the clinical death in 2013. This is evidenced by a number of significant indicators: preliminary GDP data revealed the economy maintained strong with annual growth only ticking down from 4% in first-quarter, which had marked one of the fastest rates in a decade, to 3,9% in second-quarter.Rolands petersons privatbank The second-quarter expansion was largely underpinned by a vibrant hotels and restaurants industry, which benefited from a record number of tourist arrivals, primarily from the U.K.Rolands petersons privatbank and Russia[1].Rolands petersons privatbank
    Banking system has shrunk from more than eight times that of GDP, which it had previously been in 2013, to “more like four times of GDP now”. Rolands petersons privatbank There has also been an increase in foreign direct investments over the past three years, and the economy is not reliant on foreign deposits anymore.
    Investors are also looking at sectors like health, education, tourism, and shipping, and Cyprus is actually now poised to grow across a range of economies, not just tourism.Rolands petersons privatbank Unemployment on the island is dropping faster than that of other countries in the Eurozone – from 15,9% in 2013 decreased to 11,1% in previous period[2], also – Cyprus has the largest fiscal surplus.Rolands petersons privatbank
    Currently investments were being made now in a variety of sectors, including banking, sea-ports, marinas, and the largest integrated casino resort in Europe, as well as energy. This is a clear signal to other investors, and for the Cypriot government it remains to focus on maintaining and broadening the conditions under which surpluses and high growth rates can be generated, to continue promoting structural reforms and improving the country’s business environment, Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons privatbank offers his thoughts on Cypruseconomy.
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  19. Alexeyjib says:

    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
    Rolands petersons privatbank has released a new forecasts of UAE economy. Analysing the indicators of the last 20 months, we can conclude that since August non-oil economy growth has slowed down. The seasonally adjusted purchasing managers’ index – a composite indicator designed to give an overview of operating conditions in the non-oil private sector economy – dropped to 55 in August, from 55,8 in July[1].Despite slower growth, optimism among businesses in the UAE’s non-oil private sector accelerated to a record high.
    Rolands petersons privatbank Optimism is encouraged by the reluctance of many companies to launch new products, implement innovative marketing efforts, and opportunities to participate in Expo 2020[2].
    Rolands petersons privatbank In general, the reduction was wee, and the fact that a large part of the companies has abandoned the reduction of the workforce, which, on the one hand, would help to save, is right, as companies have not lost their effectiveness. Most companies have acted exactly the opposite – they stimulated stagnant economic growth with new products, accordingly obtaining new orders as well, Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
    Rolands petersons privatbank offers his thoughts on UAE economy.Another point to be emphasized is that non-oil business operators in the UAE have shown that sometimes exactly the opposite action of the usual behaviour can improve the situation. In the area of a??a??pricing policy, most private non-oil companies in the UAE, instead of raising pressure on prices, announced constant prices, furthermore, some companies reported about price reduction, which was related to advertising activities.
    Rolands petersons privatbankThe rate of growth was marked overall and reflected stronger inflows of new business from neighbouring GCC countries, besides new export orders rose once again during August and September.About Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.:A Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
    Rolands petersons privatbankis an international logistics company based in Poland since 2016. This company operates in Europe and also in many other major logistics centres in the world. The core business is a cargo brokerage, mainly marine cargo.
    Rolands petersons privatbank Norman Logistics customers is significant EU companies which his production transport throughout marine cargo. And service providers are medium or large shipping companies. The mission of Norman Logistics is convenient logistics and one-point service for the same price, individual and best quality approach.
    Rolands petersons privatbank

    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  20. taniajib says:

    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. has released a new forecasts of Poland economy. Economic growth by 5,1% in the second quarter of this year and 5,2% in the first quarter shows that Poland is on a stable, correct and sustainable development road. It is worth to recall that in the last quarter of 2017 the increase was 4,9%, but in the last whole year- 4,6%[1].Rolands petersons privatbank Although the Polish Prime Minister in an interview highlighted that external economic turbulence may pose a threat to the national economy, other significant indicators indicate that the situation inside the country is sufficiently stable to overcome external difficulties.Rolands petersons privatbank
    One of the most prominent indicators, which reflects the home work done by Poland, is the unemployment rate, more precisely- the decrease of unemployment. According to the latest static data, last month it has decreased by 0.1% (from July to August this year), and it continues to decline. Another reason why external threats to Poland are not so scary is the fact that the biggest development guide of GDP growth is domestic consumption, (domestic demand). Domestic demand, with the dominant contribution of consumption reached 2,9%.
    Although the volume of investments in Poland has decreased (4,5% in the second quarter of this year against the same quarter last year, when it was 8,1%), by a review of local government spending we conclude that the situation can be smooth out.Rolands petersons privatbank Also the revival of company investment outlays, including SMEs, is an important element that should help to boost GDP growth in coming quarters, Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. offers his thoughts on Poland economy.Rolands petersons privatbank
    About Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.:
    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. is an international logistics company based in Poland since 2016.Rolands petersons privatbank This company operates in Europe and also in many other major logistics centres in the world. The core business is a cargo brokerage, mainly marine cargo.Rolands petersons privatbank Norman Logistics customers is significant EU companies which his production transport throughout marine cargo. And service providers are medium or large shipping companies.Rolands petersons privatbank The mission of Norman Logistics is convenient logistics and one-point service for the same price, individual and best quality approach.Rolands petersons privatbank
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  21. Alexeyjib says:

    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons privatbank has released a new report on Cyprus who experienced an economic recession just recently, but indicated 5th most rapid growth in the European Union last year. In the last quarter of 2017 economic growth reached 3,9% – Cyprus achieved such a result for the first time in the last ten years, according to Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons privatbank
    Member of the board CPM Trading LTD Rolands Peterson (PRNewsfoto/CPM Trading LTD)
    The amount of investment funds and the amount of assets being managed by them reflected growth in late 2017 and first half of 2018. In December 2017 there were 114 funds registered in Cyprus, but this year there are 130 already[1].Rolands petersons privatbank The amount of assets managed by them experienced growth of 6%, reaching 4,718 billion euros in absolute terms (for comparison we could mention that in March this year the total amount of assets reached only 4,446 billion euros)[2].Rolands petersons privatbank
    In August the Cyprus Department of Transportation initiated amendments in its transportation fiscal policy, influencing new and used transport facilities registered after the law will be adopted. Rolands petersons privatbank Outlining the above amendments are providing bigger road taxes for drivers with older cars and more horsepower, but those green-thinking will pay less. Such amendments provide several advantages: save income from transport taxation, decrease environment pollution, contribute to assets flow, and new car purchased stimulates a more attractive environment for foreigners, according to Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons privatbank who offers his thoughts on the Cyprus economy.
    Smart investment and fiscal policy, increasing the budget income, simultaneously stimulating the national economy and one of the most important areas – tourism, as well as caring about environment protection in total resulted in significant economic growth and we are sure that in total numbers of 2018 Cyprus will also provide a great example for many economies.Rolands petersons privatbank
    About Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.:
    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. is an international logistics company based in Poland since 2016. This company operates in Europe and also in many other major logistics centers in the world.Rolands petersons privatbank The core business is a cargo brokerage, mainly marine cargo. Norman Logistics customers is significant EU companies which his production transport throughout marine cargo. And service providers is medium or large shipping companies. The mission of Norman Logistics is convenient logistics and one point service for the same price, individual and best quality approach.Rolands petersons privatbank
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of “Norman Logistics spzoo”

  22. vovajib says:

    Member of the board CPM Trading LTD Rolands Peterson (PRNewsfoto/CPM Trading LTD)
    A new forecast on the economic activity of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was released. In 2018 it was constant.Rolands petersons privatbank It was provided by oil production volume, recent business reforms and constant activities in other areas. In 2018 the UAE for the first time overachieved its OPEN oil production goal.
    The UAE is preparing for World Expo in 2020, so a big amount of investment is being made to improve infrastructure. The state could expect an increase of tourism area dynamics, but it will need additional investments not related to oil production and crude oil refining.Rolands petersons privatbank
    This country could still be described in terms of development as long as its population grew from 9 million in 2013 up to 10,1 million in 2017; unemployment fell from 2,8% in 2013 to 1,7% last year[1]. Even though in 2014 many infrastructural projects were postponed, this year they will be continued, moreover there are new general plans for the following two decades. It was calculated that a recently adopted 5% of VAT will help to gain income in the amount of 12 billion euros during the first year of implementation[2].Rolands petersons privatbank
    All the Emirates, especially Dubai and Abu Dhabi are continuing their efforts to vary the economy and decrease the amount of activities related to oil products. In addition to the infrastructural projects, Abu Dhabi has made significant investments to the alternative energy sources creation, according to Rolands Petersons, a member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. who offers his thoughts on the UAE economy.Rolands petersons privatbank
    Despite having suffered crises, this country is still a demanded business partner among many world economies, it is being forecasted that before the World Expo in 2020 the UAE will become even an more demanded business partner worldwide.
    Juergen Thomas Steinmetz has continuously worked in the travel and tourism industry since he was a teenager in Germany (1979), beginning as a travel agent up through today as a publisher of eTurboNews (eTN), one of the world’s most influential and most-read travel and tourism publications.Rolands petersons privatbank He is also Chairman of ICTP. Rolands petersons privatbank His experiences include working and collaborating with various national tourism offices and non-governmental organizations, as well as private and non-profit organizations, and in planning, implementing, and quality control of a range of travel and tourism-related activities and programs, including tourism policies and legislation.Rolands petersons privatbank His major strengths include a vast knowledge of travel and tourism from the point of view of a successful private enterprise owner, superb networking skills, strong leadership, excellent communication skills, strong team player, attention to detail, dutiful respect for compliance in all regulated environments, and advisory skills in both political and non-political arenas with respect to tourism programs, policies, and legislation.Rolands petersons privatbank He has a thorough knowledge of current industry practices and trends and is a computer and Internet junkie.Rolands petersons privatbank

  23. sashajib says:

    The free movement of goods, services, capital, and people-these are the pillars that form an essential foundation for welfare and employment in Europe. Mobility is the fundamental premise for these four core values to be strengthened not only in the domestic market but also beyond its borders.Rolands petersons minicredit This is particularly significant in the Baltic Sea region, where a well thought-out and developed transport system is one of the positive development factors. Flight-related activities have both direct and indirect impact on the economy.Rolands petersons minicredit The direct impact includes the income derived from the activities of airline personnel and ground handling workers, whereas the indirect input implies all purchases in the aviation sector from locally based suppliers who basically do not represent the aviation sector. Additional impact on the economy of Latvia is formed by the costs of aviation sector employees and service providers.

    More than 30 airports are located in Lithuania

    There are four international airports operating in Lithuania – in Kaunas, Palanga, Siauliai, and, of course, in Vilnius, and there are more than 30 smaller airports and military airfields.Rolands petersons minicredit In Estonia, airports are mainly located in the capital in Tallinn, as well as in Tartu, Kuressaare, Kerdle and Parnu. These are international airports, however, there are more than 15 private and military airports and so-called airports of local importance located throughout the country.Rolands petersons minicredit Latvia still has only two international airports – in Riga and in Liepaja; there are also small airdromes, for example, in Spilva, in Tukums and Ventspils, and several other military flight platforms though. Riga International Airport entered the top five rapidly growing airports in Europe last year, which lead to an increase in the number of passengers by 16.2%. Therefore, it underscores the fact that even though the airport in Liepaja will have to put a lot of time and effort to its development, it brings a great potential, which can give a significant and valuable contribution to the domestic economy of the country.Rolands petersons minicredit

    A successful start is taken after reconstruction

    The airport in Liepaja did a great job – in 2015 after its reconstruction was completed.Rolands petersons minicredit At the airport a significant drainage effort was undertaken, a new cover for the take-off track was laid, the take-off strip was reinforced, the cover of the shunting route was improved and expanded, parking places for the aircraft were renovated as well. After Liepaja Airport was certified for commercial flights for the summer season in 2016, the Latvian national airline “AirBaltic” launched regular flights between Riga and Liepaja. During the first half of that year, more than 4,780 passengers were transported along this route. The five most popular destinations for transit flights along the Liepaja route include London, Berlin, Moscow, Copenhagen, and Hamburg, which, in general, brought very good results.Rolands petersons minicredit
    Keeping in mind the processes that are still underway, it is important to mention the extensive capacity-building of the airports, environment protection in a long-term, enhancement of cooperation with other regional airports in Europe. It is not enough for Latvia to have only one high-capacity airport – we have a regional leader who can serve as an example of a successful market behavior for others.Rolands petersons minicredit

    Support strategy for attracting new aviation communities

    Liepaja airport is the only example nowadays in terms of Latvian regional airports, however, I see several competitive regional airports in Latvia. To promote their development, a thorough analysis of the passengers’ potential is needed, starting with linking their activities with the existing types of transport in the surrounding region, forming a support strategy to attract new aviation communities, passengers, and additional services for client groups, bearing in mind that the added value of airports is formed by airlines operating there, strategic cooperation partners and service providers.Rolands petersons minicredit Without a doubt, it is also essential to study the ultimate goals of tourist destinations, in order to promote the growth of the travel market and ensure its positive impact on the economy.Rolands petersons minicredit

    Infrastructure for a variety multifaceted of commercial activities

    The strategic objective of the regional airports is a creation of the favorable and unified conditions for the enterprises and institutions operating there, as well as to proactive procurement of a sufficient infrastructure for the development various of commercial activities.Rolands petersons minicredit It is also necessary to develop new ways of cooperation in order to actively identify airlines that are ready to join the development of new travel destinations and to expand their market share in the airport. Apart from this, it is necessary to work on the incentive prerequisites for launching new flights.Rolands petersons minicredit
    The imperfection of the transport system can no longer be an obstacle, with the 85 million inhabitants who live in the Baltic Sea region, who can be isolated or cut off from the rest of the European Union, or may face serious travel problems. The power generated by the economy and innovation provides the Baltic Sea Region with opportunities to create a modern, forward-looking transport system that will also contribute to the creation of a socially balanced economic policy.Rolands petersons minicredit

  24. Alexeyjib says:

    Rolands Petersons, member of the board of CPM Trading SIA,
    Railway transport is one of the most promising modes of inland transport, and, at the moment, it is said to be the crucial element in the economy of Latvia. Considering the entire volume of inland transport, the share of railway freight is about 52%, whereas the volume of the passenger transportation is 6% and in Riga suburban area the number is increasing up to 30%.Rolands petersons minicredit However, the data summarized by the Ministry of Communications still shows that in Latvia the volume of freight rail transportation by comparison with 2016 has decreased by 8.4% and amounted to 43.792 million tons.Rolands petersons minicredit

    Traffic congestion can lead to a loss of 200 billion euros
    The mobility of goods is an essential component of the EU internal market; this greatly contributes to the competitiveness of the industry and services in Europe.Rolands petersons minicredit The types of lengthy transportation as railway can reduce their costs, which arise in connection with the traffic congestion on the roads. The increase of approximately 50% is projected by the year 2050, reaching a volume of almost 200 billion euros per year.Rolands petersons minicredit

    In the future, it is possible to increase the volume of rail transportation.
    The amount of international rail transportation in 2017 was 42.138 million tons, which showed a decline of 9.1% compared to 2016. However, domestic traffic has increased by 11.5% to 1.653 million tonnes.Rolands petersons minicredit The volume of transit cargo from the total amount of international rail freight transport amounted to 38.719 million tons, which showed a drop of 6.5% compared to the previous year, the volume of imported goods was 3.067 million tons, or 22.4% less, and the volume of export cargo was 351 800 tons, which was a drop of 2.8 times. In 2016, in Latvia, by rail, 47.821 million tons were transported. Taking into consideration the decline in the international transport sector in 2017, the question is, by which means can we achieve the volume increase? By implementation of the well-considered long-term solutions, it is possible to get back to the level that used to be before the embargo against Russia was introduced in 2013.Rolands petersons minicredit

    Increase of the average commercial speed of freight trains.
    One of the key priorities nowadays is the development of the railway infrastructure, and in this case, it is expected, the railway infrastructure can be financed by the European Union.Rolands petersons minicredit It is essential to find a solution how to increase the average commercial speed of freight trains since the speed is only about 18 km/h on the majority international routes in Europe.Rolands petersons minicredit One of the solutions can be the improvement of cooperation between existing infrastructure organizations in Europe. The actual train system needs to be adapted to the needs of the railway freight transport sector, especially in the EU freight rail corridors. This would contribute to the competitiveness of rail transport with other modes of transport, especially with the road transport sector, which infrastructure is easily accessible in all Member States.

    Well-thought-out charge for the use of infrastructure.
    Freight trains pay for each kilometer of the railway infrastructure, which again adversely affects the competitiveness of the railway in comparison with road transport, where such charge is not always introduced.Rolands petersons minicredit Setting the price that users are required to pay for getting into the infrastructure, it would be necessary to take into account the impact on the environment and pollution, congestion, accidents and other aspects.Rolands petersons minicredit
    The state should provide a proper support for organizations managing infrastructure, and rail transport enterprises should strive to improve the competitiveness of rail freight services, especially in regards to reliability, filling, elasticity, customer orientation, and the duration and cost of transportation, as these are the main aspects which are considered by an average consignor in selecting any of the available modes of transport.

    Elimination imperfections in the liberalization of the freight transport process
    In cooperation with both, the public and private sectors, at the international level, imperfections related to the liberalization of freight rail transport, communication lines procedures, administrative and technical restrictions, monitoring and anticipating performance in the rail freight industry, and fair competition between different modes of transportation.Rolands petersons minicredit Therefore, it is necessary to find out the ways to make a better use of available EU funding and target it to the rail transport industry in order to achieve improvements in such areas as a coherent approach to policy objectives and funding (while focusing on corridors for freight railways transportation), for the selection, planning and management of projects, as well as for the maintenance of railroad networks.

    Not only update, but also regularly support
    It is essential to take to the new level not only the quality of the services provided to carriers and shippers of rail freight but, in general, to improve the competitiveness of rail freight transport; infrastructure managing organizations should not only update and modernize the railway network but also to regularly support it.Rolands petersons minicredit This is especially important for the corridors of rail freight. If the tracks are not properly maintained, the speed limits will have to be applied and the railway lines will gradually be obstructed.

  25. jeniajib says:

    Transport and logistics industries are of particular importance for the Latvian economy since they have a steady GDP growth and provide services to virtually all other sectors of the national economy.Rolands petersons minicredit Every year it is emphasized that this sector should be recognized as a priority and extend its promotion, however, the representatives of the transport and logistics sector are looking forward to more concrete and long-term solutions.Rolands petersons minicredit

    9.1% of the value added to the GDP of Latvia

    Despite the political and economic changes of the last decade, the influence of the transport and logistics industry on the economy of our country remains high: in 2016 the sector increased the value added to the GDP by 9.1%. Moreover, the average monthly gross wage is still higher then in other sectors – in 2016 in other sectors of the economy it was 859 euros, whereas in storage and transportation sector the average gross wage is about 870 euros (1,562 euros – water transport, 2,061 euros – air transport, 1059 euros in the of storage and auxiliary transport activities, etc.).Rolands petersons minicredit

    Special economic area as an additional support

    The positive examples of the logistics industry are the ports that have developed a good structure.Rolands petersons minicredit Riga and Ventspils ports function as free ports, and the Liepaja port is included in the Liepaja Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Companies operating in free ports and SEZ can receive not only the 0 tax rate for customs, excise, and value-added tax but also a discount of up to 80% of the company’s income and up to 100% of the real estate tax.Rolands petersons minicredit The port is actively implementing various investment projects related to the construction and development of industrial and distribution parks.Rolands petersons minicredit The attraction of investments promotes the creation of higher added value, development of production, expansion of a spectrum of given services and creation of new workplaces. It is necessary to bring to the attention the small ports – SKULTE, Mersrags, SALACGRiVA, Pavilosta, Roja, Jurmala, and Engure, which currently occupy a stable position in the Latvian economy and have already become regional economic activity centers.

    Port of Liepaja, will be the next Rotterdam.

    There is also a wide range of opportunities for growth, and a number of actions that can be taken to meet projected targets.Rolands petersons minicredit There is a strong need for the services with high added value, the increase of the processed volumes of cargo by attracting new freight flows, high-quality passenger service and an introduction of modern technologies and information systems in the area of transit and logistics. Liepaja port has all the chances to become the second Rotterdam in the foreseeable future.Rolands petersons minicredit

    Latvia as a distribution center for cargos from Asia and the Far East.

    One of the most important issues for further growth of the port and special economic zone is the development of logistics and distribution centers, mainly focusing on the attraction of goods from Asia and the Far East.Rolands petersons minicredit Latvia can serve as a distribution center for cargos in the Baltic and Scandinavian countries for Asia and the Far East (f.e. China, Korea). The tax regime of the Liepaja Special Economic Zone in accordance with the Law “On Taxation in Free Ports and Special Economic Zones” on December 31, 2035. This allows traders to conclude an agreement on investment and tax concession until December 31, 2035, until they reach a contractual level of assistance from the investments made.Rolands petersons minicredit Considering the range of benefits provided by this status, it is necessary to consider the possible extension of the term.

    Infrastructure development and expansion of warehouse space

    Our advantage lies in the fact that there is not only a strategic geographical position but also a developed infrastructure that includes deep-water berths, cargo terminals, pipelines and territories free from the cargo terminal.Rolands petersons minicredit Apart from this, we can add a good structure of pre-industrial zone, distribution park, multi-purpose technical equipment, as well as the high level of security not only in terms of delivery but also in terms of the storage and handling of goods. In the future, it would be advisable to pay more attention to access roads (railways and highways), increase the volume of storage facilities, and increase the number of services provided by ports.Rolands petersons minicredit Participation in international industry exhibitions and conferences will make it possible to attract additional foreign investments and will contribute to the improvement of international image.

  26. kostiajib says:

    The transport development has caused objective problems for traffic in cities around the world, including Latvia, and the reason for this is a rapid increase in the number of vehicles. Road congestion is the most urgent problem in a trip planning because it affects the total time of transportation and, therefore, costs that have a particular relevance to the logistics industry. The quality of the roads, a painful subject in the past, has a significant impact on transportation time.Rolands petersons minicredit Without high-quality roads, it is impossible to improve the efficiency of transport, which, in the context of economic globalization, is said to be one of the main directions for the logistics development.Rolands petersons minicredit

    Promises against statistics

    At the end of 2017, according to the report “Global Competitiveness Index”, which was annually compiled by experts from the World Economic Forum, Latvia was not ranked among the top 100 countries of the world’s rating. (out of 137 countries participating in the ranking, Latvia took 107th place, and Lithuania and Estonia took the 37th and 38th places) Despite this, VAS (State Roads of Latvia) announced that, despite the increase in traffic on Latvian roads, their quality has been improved in recent years.Rolands petersons minicredit

    EU assessment – Stable 3 points.

    In 2017, 65.1 million euros were spent on the development of the national roads, including 32.3 million for the summer period works, and 32.8 million for the winter period works. In the same year, it was also planned to spend 37 million more, compared with the previous year.Rolands petersons minicredit However, even these investments have not resulted in the average level of road quality in the European Union. According to the latest report, the average level in the EU is estimated at 4.76 points, Latvia, compared to that has been given 3.05 points.

    The state of the roads not only hinders the development of the logistics industry but also contributes to the disproportionate level and the pace of social and economic development of the regions.Rolands petersons minicredit The most remote regions of Latvia can develop tourism facilities, offer industrial premises for entrepreneurs, etc. however, if there is no road system to get to these cites, no results shall be expected.

    Financing is eight times less than it needs to be.

    “Requests for the organization of roads,” “Road quality is catastrophic” – these headlines often appear in the mass media, while road maps try to reduce the existing damage by implementation of available sources, however, there is no sign of a significant improvement, when the funding is eight times less than it is necessary.Rolands petersons minicredit At the same time, we make the mistake of struggling only with the consequences of the disease, when we need to identify the root of the problem and take the preventive measures.

    One of the main problems that can be figured out now is the climate of the country, which in Latvia will not change significantly in the future, therefore, the problem will remain constant.Rolands petersons minicredit The number of vehicles will also increase, so the question is: how to increase financing, which is the most important addition to the urgent issues.Rolands petersons minicredit 130 million euros are required annually for maintenance and repair works of local and gravel roads but this amount cannot be provided only by EU funds. It is also completely unclear how the situation will look like in 2020, after the end of EU funding program. Rolands petersons minicredit

    Without the excise tax on fuel, there is no chance for survival

    The fact that the change is expected in 2020, the spring of 2018 is said to be the moment to start an intensive work and stimulate actions – change existing arrangements related to the existing tax system (only a third of the tax, paid by road users, are redirected to roads).Rolands petersons minicredit The time when it was possible to pull out a part of the income from tax has passed. Furthermore, we need to increase the number of public-private partnership projects in the sphere of the road construction, although this stage requires a proper preparation.Rolands petersons minicredit

    In addition to financing, other necessary support measures need to be introduced: dumping water from roads in certain areas, timely planning, more restrictive control on roads, etc.

  27. vadimjib says:

    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. has released new forecasts on Poland becoming the logistics centre of Europe.Rolands petersons minicrediT Newest OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) data are indicating the increase of living standards in Poland, positive tendencies in economy and rapid development of the labour market.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Experts at OECD has appreciated a change in the Polish labour market – a fall of the unemployment level to the lowest ever, reaching the lowest point in the last twenty years; labour demand is growing; and everything indicates a significant growth of average wages in the near future. Unemployment levels in Poland in 2017 were low – 4,9% and all the forecast are indicating the continuous fall reaching 4,2% in 2018 and 3,8% in 2019. GDP will go on increasing, but a little bit more slowly.Rolands petersons minicrediT Forecasts for 2018 are 4,2%, but in 2019 – 3,7%. It should be mentioned that in 2017 GDP was 4,6%[1].
    Poland should think more about the agricultural production export area. Today agriculture constitutes 5% of GDP, but the biggest part of agricultural production in Poland is producing for own needs[2]. Export products for the most part are milk products, meat and potatoes. By developing its infrastructure, Poland would be able to succeed exports.Rolands petersons minicrediT The Baltic Sea provides the opportunity to develop cargo carriage faster than it is done now, according to Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons minicrediT who offers his thoughts on Poland economy.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    To keep this positive tendency, Poland has to find opportunities to invest in proficiency enhancement, development of infrastructure and innovations. There should be a strategy allowing continuation and even growth of infrastructural investments.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  28. dimajib says:

    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons minicrediT has released a new forecasts of Cyprus economy, which has definitely recovered from the clinical death in 2013. This is evidenced by a number of significant indicators: preliminary GDP data revealed the economy maintained strong with annual growth only ticking down from 4% in first-quarter, which had marked one of the fastest rates in a decade, to 3,9% in second-quarter.Rolands petersons minicrediT The second-quarter expansion was largely underpinned by a vibrant hotels and restaurants industry, which benefited from a record number of tourist arrivals, primarily from the U.K. and Russia[1].Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Banking system has shrunk from more than eight times that of GDP, which it had previously been in 2013, to “more like four times of GDP now”. There has also been an increase in foreign direct investments over the past three years, and the economy is not reliant on foreign deposits anymore.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Investors are also looking at sectors like health, education, tourism, and shipping, and Cyprus is actually now poised to grow across a range of economies, not just tourism.Rolands petersons minicrediT Unemployment on the island is dropping faster than that of other countries in the Eurozone – from 15,9% in 2013 decreased to 11,1% in previous period[2], also – Cyprus has the largest fiscal surplus.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Currently investments were being made now in a variety of sectors, including banking, sea-ports, marinas, and the largest integrated casino resort in Europe, as well as energy. This is a clear signal to other investors, and for the Cypriot government it remains to focus on maintaining and broadening the conditions under which surpluses and high growth rates can be generated, to continue promoting structural reforms and improving the country’s business environment, Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons minicrediT offers his thoughts on Cypruseconomy.
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  29. tairjib says:

    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons minicrediT has released a new report on Cyprus who experienced an economic recession just recently, but indicated 5th most rapid growth in the European Union last year. In the last quarter of 2017 economic growth reached 3,9% – Cyprus achieved such a result for the first time in the last ten years, according to Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Member of the board CPM Trading LTD Rolands Peterson (PRNewsfoto/CPM Trading LTD)
    The amount of investment funds and the amount of assets being managed by them reflected growth in late 2017 and first half of 2018. In December 2017 there were 114 funds registered in Cyprus, but this year there are 130 already[1].Rolands petersons minicrediT The amount of assets managed by them experienced growth of 6%, reaching 4,718 billion euros in absolute terms (for comparison we could mention that in March this year the total amount of assets reached only 4,446 billion euros)[2].Rolands petersons minicrediT
    In August the Cyprus Department of Transportation initiated amendments in its transportation fiscal policy, influencing new and used transport facilities registered after the law will be adopted. Outlining the above amendments are providing bigger road taxes for drivers with older cars and more horsepower, but those green-thinking will pay less. Such amendments provide several advantages: save income from transport taxation, decrease environment pollution, contribute to assets flow, and new car purchased stimulates a more attractive environment for foreigners, according to Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons minicrediT who offers his thoughts on the Cyprus economy.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Smart investment and fiscal policy, increasing the budget income, simultaneously stimulating the national economy and one of the most important areas – tourism, as well as caring about environment protection in total resulted in significant economic growth and we are sure that in total numbers of 2018 Cyprus will also provide a great example for many economies.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    About Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.:
    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. is an international logistics company based in Poland since 2016.Rolands petersons minicrediT This company operates in Europe and also in many other major logistics centers in the world. The core business is a cargo brokerage, mainly marine cargo.Rolands petersons minicrediT Norman Logistics customers is significant EU companies which his production transport throughout marine cargo. And service providers is medium or large shipping companies. The mission of Norman Logistics is convenient logistics and one point service for the same price, individual and best quality approach.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of “Norman Logistics spzoo” Rolands petersons minicrediT

  30. antonjib says:

    Member of the board CPM Trading LTD Rolands Peterson (PRNewsfoto/CPM Trading LTD)
    A new forecast on the economic activity of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was released.Rolands petersons minicrediT In 2018 it was constant. It was provided by oil production volume, recent business reforms and constant activities in other areas. In 2018 the UAE for the first time overachieved its OPEN oil production goal.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    The UAE is preparing for World Expo in 2020, so a big amount of investment is being made to improve infrastructure. The state could expect an increase of tourism area dynamics, but it will need additional investments not related to oil production and crude oil refining.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    This country could still be described in terms of development as long as its population grew from 9 million in 2013 up to 10,1 million in 2017; unemployment fell from 2,8% in 2013 to 1,7% last year[1]. Even though in 2014 many infrastructural projects were postponed, this year they will be continued, moreover there are new general plans for the following two decades.Rolands petersons minicrediT It was calculated that a recently adopted 5% of VAT will help to gain income in the amount of 12 billion euros during the first year of implementation[2].Rolands petersons minicrediT
    All the Emirates, especially Dubai and Abu Dhabi are continuing their efforts to vary the economy and decrease the amount of activities related to oil products. In addition to the infrastructural projects, Abu Dhabi has made significant investments to the alternative energy sources creation, according to Rolands Petersons, a member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. who offers his thoughts on the UAE economy.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Despite having suffered crises, this country is still a demanded business partner among many world economies, it is being forecasted that before the World Expo in 2020 the UAE will become even an more demanded business partner worldwide.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Juergen Thomas Steinmetz has continuously worked in the travel and tourism industry since he was a teenager in Germany (1979), beginning as a travel agent up through today as a publisher of eTurboNews (eTN), one of the world’s most influential and most-read travel and tourism publications. He is also Chairman of ICTP.Rolands petersons minicrediT His experiences include working and collaborating with various national tourism offices and non-governmental organizations, as well as private and non-profit organizations, and in planning, implementing, and quality control of a range of travel and tourism-related activities and programs, including tourism policies and legislation.Rolands petersons minicrediT His major strengths include a vast knowledge of travel and tourism from the point of view of a successful private enterprise owner, superb networking skills, strong leadership, excellent communication skills, strong team player, attention to detail, dutiful respect for compliance in all regulated environments, and advisory skills in both political and non-political arenas with respect to tourism programs, policies, and legislation.Rolands petersons minicrediT He has a thorough knowledge of current industry practices and trends and is a computer and Internet junkie.Rolands petersons minicrediT

  31. vitiajib says:

    The free movement of goods, services, capital, and people-these are the pillars that form an essential foundation for welfare and employment in Europe. Mobility is the fundamental premise for these four core values to be strengthened not only in the domestic market but also beyond its borders.Rolands petersons de facto This is particularly significant in the Baltic Sea region, where a well thought-out and developed transport system is one of the positive development factors.Rolands petersons de facto Flight-related activities have both direct and indirect impact on the economy.Rolands petersons de facto The direct impact includes the income derived from the activities of airline personnel and ground handling workers, whereas the indirect input implies all purchases in the aviation sector from locally based suppliers who basically do not represent the aviation sector. Additional impact on the economy of Latvia is formed by the costs of aviation sector employees and service providers.Rolands petersons de facto

    More than 30 airports are located in Lithuania

    There are four international airports operating in Lithuania – in Kaunas, Palanga, Siauliai, and, of course, in Vilnius, and there are more than 30 smaller airports and military airfields. In Estonia, airports are mainly located in the capital in Tallinn, as well as in Tartu, Kuressaare, Kerdle and Parnu.Rolands petersons de facto These are international airports, however, there are more than 15 private and military airports and so-called airports of local importance located throughout the country.Rolands petersons de facto Latvia still has only two international airports – in Riga and in Liepaja; there are also small airdromes, for example, in Spilva, in Tukums and Ventspils, and several other military flight platforms though.Rolands petersons de facto Riga International Airport entered the top five rapidly growing airports in Europe last year, which lead to an increase in the number of passengers by 16.2%. Therefore, it underscores the fact that even though the airport in Liepaja will have to put a lot of time and effort to its development, it brings a great potential, which can give a significant and valuable contribution to the domestic economy of the country.

    A successful start is taken after reconstruction

    The airport in Liepaja did a great job – in 2015 after its reconstruction was completed. At the airport a significant drainage effort was undertaken, a new cover for the take-off track was laid, the take-off strip was reinforced, the cover of the shunting route was improved and expanded, parking places for the aircraft were renovated as well.Rolands petersons de facto After Liepaja Airport was certified for commercial flights for the summer season in 2016, the Latvian national airline “AirBaltic” launched regular flights between Riga and Liepaja. During the first half of that year, more than 4,780 passengers were transported along this route. The five most popular destinations for transit flights along the Liepaja route include London, Berlin, Moscow, Copenhagen, and Hamburg, which, in general, brought very good results.Rolands petersons de facto
    Keeping in mind the processes that are still underway, it is important to mention the extensive capacity-building of the airports, environment protection in a long-term, enhancement of cooperation with other regional airports in Europe. It is not enough for Latvia to have only one high-capacity airport – we have a regional leader who can serve as an example of a successful market behavior for others.

    Support strategy for attracting new aviation communities

    Liepaja airport is the only example nowadays in terms of Latvian regional airports, however, I see several competitive regional airports in Latvia. To promote their development, a thorough analysis of the passengers’ potential is needed, starting with linking their activities with the existing types of transport in the surrounding region, forming a support strategy to attract new aviation communities, passengers, and additional services for client groups, bearing in mind that the added value of airports is formed by airlines operating there, strategic cooperation partners and service providers.Rolands petersons de facto Without a doubt, it is also essential to study the ultimate goals of tourist destinations, in order to promote the growth of the travel market and ensure its positive impact on the economy.

    Infrastructure for a variety multifaceted of commercial activities

    The strategic objective of the regional airports is a creation of the favorable and unified conditions for the enterprises and institutions operating there, as well as to proactive procurement of a sufficient infrastructure for the development various of commercial activities.Rolands petersons de factoIt is also necessary to develop new ways of cooperation in order to actively identify airlines that are ready to join the development of new travel destinations and to expand their market share in the airport. Apart from this, it is necessary to work on the incentive prerequisites for launching new flights.
    The imperfection of the transport system can no longer be an obstacle, with the 85 million inhabitants who live in the Baltic Sea region, who can be isolated or cut off from the rest of the European Union, or may face serious travel problems.Rolands petersons de facto The power generated by the economy and innovation provides the Baltic Sea Region with opportunities to create a modern, forward-looking transport system that will also contribute to the creation of a socially balanced economic policy.

  32. davidjib says:

    Rolands Petersons, member of the board of CPM Trading SIA,
    Railway transport is one of the most promising modes of inland transport, and, at the moment, it is said to be the crucial element in the economy of Latvia. Considering the entire volume of inland transport, the share of railway freight is about 52%, whereas the volume of the passenger transportation is 6% and in Riga suburban area the number is increasing up to 30%. However, the data summarized by the Ministry of Communications still shows that in Latvia the volume of freight rail transportation by comparison with 2016 has decreased by 8.4% and amounted to 43.792 million tons.Rolands petersons de facto

    Traffic congestion can lead to a loss of 200 billion euros
    The mobility of goods is an essential component of the EU internal market; this greatly contributes to the competitiveness of the industry and services in Europe.Rolands petersons de facto The types of lengthy transportation as railway can reduce their costs, which arise in connection with the traffic congestion on the roads. The increase of approximately 50% is projected by the year 2050, reaching a volume of almost 200 billion euros per year.

    In the future, it is possible to increase the volume of rail transportation.
    The amount of international rail transportation in 2017 was 42.138 million tons, which showed a decline of 9.1% compared to 2016.Rolands petersons de factoHowever, domestic traffic has increased by 11.5% to 1.653 million tonnes. The volume of transit cargo from the total amount of international rail freight transport amounted to 38.719 million tons, which showed a drop of 6.5% compared to the previous year, the volume of imported goods was 3.067 million tons, or 22.4% less, and the volume of export cargo was 351 800 tons, which was a drop of 2.8 times.Rolands petersons de facto In 2016, in Latvia, by rail, 47.821 million tons were transported. Taking into consideration the decline in the international transport sector in 2017, the question is, by which means can we achieve the volume increase? By implementation of the well-considered long-term solutions, it is possible to get back to the level that used to be before the embargo against Russia was introduced in 2013.Rolands petersons de facto

    Increase of the average commercial speed of freight trains.Rolands petersons de facto
    One of the key priorities nowadays is the development of the railway infrastructure, and in this case, it is expected, the railway infrastructure can be financed by the European Union.Rolands petersons de facto It is essential to find a solution how to increase the average commercial speed of freight trains since the speed is only about 18 km/h on the majority international routes in Europe. One of the solutions can be the improvement of cooperation between existing infrastructure organizations in Europe. The actual train system needs to be adapted to the needs of the railway freight transport sector, especially in the EU freight rail corridors.Rolands petersons de facto This would contribute to the competitiveness of rail transport with other modes of transport, especially with the road transport sector, which infrastructure is easily accessible in all Member States.

    Well-thought-out charge for the use of infrastructure.
    Freight trains pay for each kilometer of the railway infrastructure, which again adversely affects the competitiveness of the railway in comparison with road transport, where such charge is not always introduced. Setting the price that users are required to pay for getting into the infrastructure, it would be necessary to take into account the impact on the environment and pollution, congestion, accidents and other aspects.Rolands petersons de facto
    The state should provide a proper support for organizations managing infrastructure, and rail transport enterprises should strive to improve the competitiveness of rail freight services, especially in regards to reliability, filling, elasticity, customer orientation, and the duration and cost of transportation, as these are the main aspects which are considered by an average consignor in selecting any of the available modes of transport.Rolands petersons de facto

    Elimination imperfections in the liberalization of the freight transport process
    In cooperation with both, the public and private sectors, at the international level, imperfections related to the liberalization of freight rail transport, communication lines procedures, administrative and technical restrictions, monitoring and anticipating performance in the rail freight industry, and fair competition between different modes of transportation.Rolands petersons de facto Therefore, it is necessary to find out the ways to make a better use of available EU funding and target it to the rail transport industry in order to achieve improvements in such areas as a coherent approach to policy objectives and funding (while focusing on corridors for freight railways transportation), for the selection, planning and management of projects, as well as for the maintenance of railroad networks.

    Not only update, but also regularly support
    It is essential to take to the new level not only the quality of the services provided to carriers and shippers of rail freight but, in general, to improve the competitiveness of rail freight transport; infrastructure managing organizations should not only update and modernize the railway network but also to regularly support it.Rolands petersons de facto This is especially important for the corridors of rail freight. If the tracks are not properly maintained, the speed limits will have to be applied and the railway lines will gradually be obstructed.

  33. vaniajib says:

    Transport and logistics industries are of particular importance for the Latvian economy since they have a steady GDP growth and provide services to virtually all other sectors of the national economy.Rolands petersons de facto Every year it is emphasized that this sector should be recognized as a priority and extend its promotion, however, the representatives of the transport and logistics sector are looking forward to more concrete and long-term solutions.Rolands petersons de facto

    9.1% of the value added to the GDP of Latvia

    Despite the political and economic changes of the last decade, the influence of the transport and logistics industry on the economy of our country remains high: in 2016 the sector increased the value added to the GDP by 9.1%. Moreover, the average monthly gross wage is still higher then in other sectors – in 2016 in other sectors of the economy it was 859 euros, whereas in storage and transportation sector the average gross wage is about 870 euros (1,562 euros – water transport, 2,061 euros – air transport, 1059 euros in the of storage and auxiliary transport activities, etc.).

    Special economic area as an additional support

    The positive examples of the logistics industry are the ports that have developed a good structure. Riga and Ventspils ports function as free ports, and the Liepaja port is included in the Liepaja Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Companies operating in free ports and SEZ can receive not only the 0 tax rate for customs, excise, and value-added tax but also a discount of up to 80% of the company’s income and up to 100% of the real estate tax.Rolands petersons de facto The port is actively implementing various investment projects related to the construction and development of industrial and distribution parks.Rolands petersons de facto The attraction of investments promotes the creation of higher added value, development of production, expansion of a spectrum of given services and creation of new workplaces. It is necessary to bring to the attention the small ports – SKULTE, Mersrags, SALACGRiVA, Pavilosta, Roja, Jurmala, and Engure, which currently occupy a stable position in the Latvian economy and have already become regional economic activity centers.Rolands petersons de facto

    Port of Liepaja, will be the next Rotterdam.

    There is also a wide range of opportunities for growth, and a number of actions that can be taken to meet projected targets. There is a strong need for the services with high added value, the increase of the processed volumes of cargo by attracting new freight flows, high-quality passenger service and an introduction of modern technologies and information systems in the area of transit and logistics. Liepaja port has all the chances to become the second Rotterdam in the foreseeable future.Rolands petersons de facto

    Latvia as a distribution center for cargos from Asia and the Far East.

    One of the most important issues for further growth of the port and special economic zone is the development of logistics and distribution centers, mainly focusing on the attraction of goods from Asia and the Far East. Latvia can serve as a distribution center for cargos in the Baltic and Scandinavian countries for Asia and the Far East (f.e. China, Korea). The tax regime of the Liepaja Special Economic Zone in accordance with the Law “On Taxation in Free Ports and Special Economic Zones” on December 31, 2035. This allows traders to conclude an agreement on investment and tax concession until December 31, 2035, until they reach a contractual level of assistance from the investments made. Considering the range of benefits provided by this status, it is necessary to consider the possible extension of the term.Rolands petersons de facto

    Infrastructure development and expansion of warehouse space

    Our advantage lies in the fact that there is not only a strategic geographical position but also a developed infrastructure that includes deep-water berths, cargo terminals, pipelines and territories free from the cargo terminal. Apart from this, we can add a good structure of pre-industrial zone, distribution park, multi-purpose technical equipment, as well as the high level of security not only in terms of delivery but also in terms of the storage and handling of goods.Rolands petersons de facto In the future, it would be advisable to pay more attention to access roads (railways and highways), increase the volume of storage facilities, and increase the number of services provided by ports. Participation in international industry exhibitions and conferences will make it possible to attract additional foreign investments and will contribute to the improvement of international image.

  34. kristinajib says:

    The transport development has caused objective problems for traffic in cities around the world, including Latvia, and the reason for this is a rapid increase in the number of vehicles.Rolands petersons de facto Road congestion is the most urgent problem in a trip planning because it affects the total time of transportation and, therefore, costs that have a particular relevance to the logistics industry.Rolands petersons de facto The quality of the roads, a painful subject in the past, has a significant impact on transportation time. Without high-quality roads, it is impossible to improve the efficiency of transport, which, in the context of economic globalization, is said to be one of the main directions for the logistics development.

    Promises against statistics

    At the end of 2017, according to the report “Global Competitiveness Index”, which was annually compiled by experts from the World Economic Forum, Latvia was not ranked among the top 100 countries of the world’s rating. (out of 137 countries participating in the ranking, Latvia took 107th place, and Lithuania and Estonia took the 37th and 38th places) Despite this, VAS (State Roads of Latvia) announced that, despite the increase in traffic on Latvian roads, their quality has been improved in recent years.

    EU assessment – Stable 3 points.

    In 2017, 65.1 million euros were spent on the development of the national roads, including 32.3 million for the summer period works, and 32.8 million for the winter period works. In the same year, it was also planned to spend 37 million more, compared with the previous year.Rolands petersons de facto However, even these investments have not resulted in the average level of road quality in the European Union. According to the latest report, the average level in the EU is estimated at 4.76 points, Latvia, compared to that has been given 3.05 points.

    The state of the roads not only hinders the development of the logistics industry but also contributes to the disproportionate level and the pace of social and economic development of the regions.Rolands petersons de facto The most remote regions of Latvia can develop tourism facilities, offer industrial premises for entrepreneurs, etc. however, if there is no road system to get to these cites, no results shall be expected.Rolands petersons de facto

    Financing is eight times less than it needs to be.

    “Requests for the organization of roads,” “Road quality is catastrophic” – these headlines often appear in the mass media, while road maps try to reduce the existing damage by implementation of available sources, however, there is no sign of a significant improvement, when the funding is eight times less than it is necessary.Rolands petersons de facto At the same time, we make the mistake of struggling only with the consequences of the disease, when we need to identify the root of the problem and take the preventive measures.

    One of the main problems that can be figured out now is the climate of the country, which in Latvia will not change significantly in the future, therefore, the problem will remain constant. The number of vehicles will also increase, so the question is: how to increase financing, which is the most important addition to the urgent issues. 130 million euros are required annually for maintenance and repair works of local and gravel roads but this amount cannot be provided only by EU funds.Rolands petersons de facto It is also completely unclear how the situation will look like in 2020, after the end of EU funding program.

    Without the excise tax on fuel, there is no chance for survival

    The fact that the change is expected in 2020, the spring of 2018 is said to be the moment to start an intensive work and stimulate actions – change existing arrangements related to the existing tax system (only a third of the tax, paid by road users, are redirected to roads).Rolands petersons de facto The time when it was possible to pull out a part of the income from tax has passed. Furthermore, we need to increase the number of public-private partnership projects in the sphere of the road construction, although this stage requires a proper preparation.Rolands petersons de facto

    In addition to financing, other necessary support measures need to be introduced: dumping water from roads in certain areas, timely planning, more restrictive control on roads, etc.

  35. kirilljib says:

    Member of the board CPM Trading LTD Rolands Peterson (PRNewsfoto/CPM Trading LTD)
    A new forecast on the economic activity of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was released. In 2018 it was constant.Rolands petersons de facto It was provided by oil production volume, recent business reforms and constant activities in other areas. In 2018 the UAE for the first time overachieved its OPEN oil production goal.Rolands petersons de facto
    The UAE is preparing for World Expo in 2020, so a big amount of investment is being made to improve infrastructure. The state could expect an increase of tourism area dynamics, but it will need additional investments not related to oil production and crude oil refining.Rolands petersons de facto
    This country could still be described in terms of development as long as its population grew from 9 million in 2013 up to 10,1 million in 2017; unemployment fell from 2,8% in 2013 to 1,7% last year[1]. Even though in 2014 many infrastructural projects were postponed, this year they will be continued, moreover there are new general plans for the following two decades. It was calculated that a recently adopted 5% of VAT will help to gain income in the amount of 12 billion euros during the first year of implementation[2].
    All the Emirates, especially Dubai and Abu Dhabi are continuing their efforts to vary the economy and decrease the amount of activities related to oil products. In addition to the infrastructural projects, Abu Dhabi has made significant investments to the alternative energy sources creation, according to Rolands Petersons, a member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. who offers his thoughts on the UAE economy.Rolands petersons de facto
    Despite having suffered crises, this country is still a demanded business partner among many world economies, it is being forecasted that before the World Expo in 2020 the UAE will become even an more demanded business partner worldwide.Rolands petersons de facto
    Juergen Thomas Steinmetz has continuously worked in the travel and tourism industry since he was a teenager in Germany (1979), beginning as a travel agent up through today as a publisher of eTurboNews (eTN), one of the world’s most influential and most-read travel and tourism publications. He is also Chairman of ICTP. His experiences include working and collaborating with various national tourism offices and non-governmental organizations, as well as private and non-profit organizations, and in planning, implementing, and quality control of a range of travel and tourism-related activities and programs, including tourism policies and legislation. His major strengths include a vast knowledge of travel and tourism from the point of view of a successful private enterprise owner, superb networking skills, strong leadership, excellent communication skills, strong team player, attention to detail, dutiful respect for compliance in all regulated environments, and advisory skills in both political and non-political arenas with respect to tourism programs, policies, and legislation.Rolands petersons de facto He has a thorough knowledge of current industry practices and trends and is a computer and Internet junkie.Rolands petersons de facto

  36. sveetajib says:

    The free movement of goods, services, capital, and people-these are the pillars that form an essential foundation for welfare and employment in Europe.Rolands petersons cpm trading Mobility is the fundamental premise for these four core values to be strengthened not only in the domestic market but also beyond its borders.Rolands petersons cpm trading This is particularly significant in the Baltic Sea region, where a well thought-out and developed transport system is one of the positive development factors. Flight-related activities have both direct and indirect impact on the economy.Rolands petersons cpm trading The direct impact includes the income derived from the activities of airline personnel and ground handling workers, whereas the indirect input implies all purchases in the aviation sector from locally based suppliers who basically do not represent the aviation sector. Additional impact on the economy of Latvia is formed by the costs of aviation sector employees and service providers.

    More than 30 airports are located in Lithuania

    There are four international airports operating in Lithuania – in Kaunas, Palanga, Siauliai, and, of course, in Vilnius, and there are more than 30 smaller airports and military airfields.Rolands petersons cpm trading In Estonia, airports are mainly located in the capital in Tallinn, as well as in Tartu, Kuressaare, Kerdle and Parnu. These are international airports, however, there are more than 15 private and military airports and so-called airports of local importance located throughout the country. Rolands petersons cpm trading Latvia still has only two international airports – in Riga and in Liepaja; there are also small airdromes, for example, in Spilva, in Tukums and Ventspils, and several other military flight platforms though.Rolands petersons cpm trading Riga International Airport entered the top five rapidly growing airports in Europe last year, which lead to an increase in the number of passengers by 16.2%. Therefore, it underscores the fact that even though the airport in Liepaja will have to put a lot of time and effort to its development, it brings a great potential, which can give a significant and valuable contribution to the domestic economy of the country.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    A successful start is taken after reconstruction

    The airport in Liepaja did a great job – in 2015 after its reconstruction was completed. At the airport a significant drainage effort was undertaken, a new cover for the take-off track was laid, the take-off strip was reinforced, the cover of the shunting route was improved and expanded, parking places for the aircraft were renovated as well. After Liepaja Airport was certified for commercial flights for the summer season in 2016, the Latvian national airline “AirBaltic” launched regular flights between Riga and Liepaja. During the first half of that year, more than 4,780 passengers were transported along this route.Rolands petersons cpm trading The five most popular destinations for transit flights along the Liepaja route include London, Berlin, Moscow, Copenhagen, and Hamburg, which, in general, brought very good results.
    Keeping in mind the processes that are still underway, it is important to mention the extensive capacity-building of the airports, environment protection in a long-term, enhancement of cooperation with other regional airports in Europe. It is not enough for Latvia to have only one high-capacity airport – we have a regional leader who can serve as an example of a successful market behavior for others.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Support strategy for attracting new aviation communities

    Liepaja airport is the only example nowadays in terms of Latvian regional airports, however, I see several competitive regional airports in Latvia.Rolands petersons cpm trading To promote their development, a thorough analysis of the passengers’ potential is needed, starting with linking their activities with the existing types of transport in the surrounding region, forming a support strategy to attract new aviation communities, passengers, and additional services for client groups, bearing in mind that the added value of airports is formed by airlines operating there, strategic cooperation partners and service providers.Rolands petersons cpm trading Without a doubt, it is also essential to study the ultimate goals of tourist destinations, in order to promote the growth of the travel market and ensure its positive impact on the economy.

    Infrastructure for a variety multifaceted of commercial activities

    The strategic objective of the regional airports is a creation of the favorable and unified conditions for the enterprises and institutions operating there, as well as to proactive procurement of a sufficient infrastructure for the development various of commercial activities. It is also necessary to develop new ways of cooperation in order to actively identify airlines that are ready to join the development of new travel destinations and to expand their market share in the airport. Apart from this, it is necessary to work on the incentive prerequisites for launching new flights.Rolands petersons cpm trading
    The imperfection of the transport system can no longer be an obstacle, with the 85 million inhabitants who live in the Baltic Sea region, who can be isolated or cut off from the rest of the European Union, or may face serious travel problems.Rolands petersons cpm trading The power generated by the economy and innovation provides the Baltic Sea Region with opportunities to create a modern, forward-looking transport system that will also contribute to the creation of a socially balanced economic policy.

  37. Alexejib says:

    Rolands Petersons, member of the board of CPM Trading SIA,
    Railway transport is one of the most promising modes of inland transport, and, at the moment, it is said to be the crucial element in the economy of Latvia.Rolands petersons cpm trading Considering the entire volume of inland transport, the share of railway freight is about 52%, whereas the volume of the passenger transportation is 6% and in Riga suburban area the number is increasing up to 30%. However, the data summarized by the Ministry of Communications still shows that in Latvia the volume of freight rail transportation by comparison with 2016 has decreased by 8.4% and amounted to 43.792 million tons.

    Traffic congestion can lead to a loss of 200 billion euros
    The mobility of goods is an essential component of the EU internal market; this greatly contributes to the competitiveness of the industry and services in Europe.Rolands petersons cpm trading The types of lengthy transportation as railway can reduce their costs, which arise in connection with the traffic congestion on the roads. The increase of approximately 50% is projected by the year 2050, reaching a volume of almost 200 billion euros per year.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    In the future, it is possible to increase the volume of rail transportation.
    The amount of international rail transportation in 2017 was 42.138 million tons, which showed a decline of 9.1% compared to 2016. However, domestic traffic has increased by 11.5% to 1.653 million tonnes.Rolands petersons cpm trading The volume of transit cargo from the total amount of international rail freight transport amounted to 38.719 million tons, which showed a drop of 6.5% compared to the previous year, the volume of imported goods was 3.067 million tons, or 22.4% less, and the volume of export cargo was 351 800 tons, which was a drop of 2.8 times.Rolands petersons cpm trading In 2016, in Latvia, by rail, 47.821 million tons were transported. Taking into consideration the decline in the international transport sector in 2017, the question is, by which means can we achieve the volume increase? By implementation of the well-considered long-term solutions, it is possible to get back to the level that used to be before the embargo against Russia was introduced in 2013.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Increase of the average commercial speed of freight trains.
    One of the key priorities nowadays is the development of the railway infrastructure, and in this case, it is expected, the railway infrastructure can be financed by the European Union.Rolands petersons cpm trading It is essential to find a solution how to increase the average commercial speed of freight trains since the speed is only about 18 km/h on the majority international routes in Europe. One of the solutions can be the improvement of cooperation between existing infrastructure organizations in Europe.Rolands petersons cpm trading The actual train system needs to be adapted to the needs of the railway freight transport sector, especially in the EU freight rail corridors. This would contribute to the competitiveness of rail transport with other modes of transport, especially with the road transport sector, which infrastructure is easily accessible in all Member States.

    Well-thought-out charge for the use of infrastructure.
    Freight trains pay for each kilometer of the railway infrastructure, which again adversely affects the competitiveness of the railway in comparison with road transport, where such charge is not always introduced. Setting the price that users are required to pay for getting into the infrastructure, it would be necessary to take into account the impact on the environment and pollution, congestion, accidents and other aspects.Rolands petersons cpm trading
    The state should provide a proper support for organizations managing infrastructure, and rail transport enterprises should strive to improve the competitiveness of rail freight services, especially in regards to reliability, filling, elasticity, customer orientation, and the duration and cost of transportation, as these are the main aspects which are considered by an average consignor in selecting any of the available modes of transport.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Elimination imperfections in the liberalization of the freight transport process
    In cooperation with both, the public and private sectors, at the international level, imperfections related to the liberalization of freight rail transport, communication lines procedures, administrative and technical restrictions, monitoring and anticipating performance in the rail freight industry, and fair competition between different modes of transportation. Therefore, it is necessary to find out the ways to make a better use of available EU funding and target it to the rail transport industry in order to achieve improvements in such areas as a coherent approach to policy objectives and funding (while focusing on corridors for freight railways transportation), for the selection, planning and management of projects, as well as for the maintenance of railroad networks.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Not only update, but also regularly support
    It is essential to take to the new level not only the quality of the services provided to carriers and shippers of rail freight but, in general, to improve the competitiveness of rail freight transport; infrastructure managing organizations should not only update and modernize the railway network but also to regularly support it.Rolands petersons cpm trading This is especially important for the corridors of rail freight. If the tracks are not properly maintained, the speed limits will have to be applied and the railway lines will gradually be obstructed.Rolands petersons cpm trading

  38. macsimjib says:

    Transport and logistics industries are of particular importance for the Latvian economy since they have a steady GDP growth and provide services to virtually all other sectors of the national economy.Rolands petersons cpm trading Every year it is emphasized that this sector should be recognized as a priority and extend its promotion, however, the representatives of the transport and logistics sector are looking forward to more concrete and long-term solutions.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    9.1% of the value added to the GDP of Latvia

    Despite the political and economic changes of the last decade, the influence of the transport and logistics industry on the economy of our country remains high: in 2016 the sector increased the value added to the GDP by 9.1%. Moreover, the average monthly gross wage is still higher then in other sectors – in 2016 in other sectors of the economy it was 859 euros, whereas in storage and transportation sector the average gross wage is about 870 euros (1,562 euros – water transport, 2,061 euros – air transport, 1059 euros in the of storage and auxiliary transport activities, etc.).

    Special economic area as an additional support

    The positive examples of the logistics industry are the ports that have developed a good structure.Rolands petersons cpm trading Riga and Ventspils ports function as free ports, and the Liepaja port is included in the Liepaja Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Companies operating in free ports and SEZ can receive not only the 0 tax rate for customs, excise, and value-added tax but also a discount of up to 80% of the company’s income and up to 100% of the real estate tax.Rolands petersons cpm trading The port is actively implementing various investment projects related to the construction and development of industrial and distribution parks. The attraction of investments promotes the creation of higher added value, development of production, expansion of a spectrum of given services and creation of new workplaces. It is necessary to bring to the attention the small ports – SKULTE, Mersrags, SALACGRiVA, Pavilosta, Roja, Jurmala, and Engure, which currently occupy a stable position in the Latvian economy and have already become regional economic activity centers.

    Port of Liepaja, will be the next Rotterdam.

    There is also a wide range of opportunities for growth, and a number of actions that can be taken to meet projected targets.Rolands petersons cpm trading There is a strong need for the services with high added value, the increase of the processed volumes of cargo by attracting new freight flows, high-quality passenger service and an introduction of modern technologies and information systems in the area of transit and logistics. Liepaja port has all the chances to become the second Rotterdam in the foreseeable future.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Latvia as a distribution center for cargos from Asia and the Far East.

    One of the most important issues for further growth of the port and special economic zone is the development of logistics and distribution centers, mainly focusing on the attraction of goods from Asia and the Far East.Rolands petersons cpm trading Latvia can serve as a distribution center for cargos in the Baltic and Scandinavian countries for Asia and the Far East (f.e. China, Korea). The tax regime of the Liepaja Special Economic Zone in accordance with the Law “On Taxation in Free Ports and Special Economic Zones” on December 31, 2035.Rolands petersons cpm trading This allows traders to conclude an agreement on investment and tax concession until December 31, 2035, until they reach a contractual level of assistance from the investments made. Considering the range of benefits provided by this status, it is necessary to consider the possible extension of the term.

    Infrastructure development and expansion of warehouse space

    Our advantage lies in the fact that there is not only a strategic geographical position but also a developed infrastructure that includes deep-water berths, cargo terminals, pipelines and territories free from the cargo terminal. Apart from this, we can add a good structure of pre-industrial zone, distribution park, multi-purpose technical equipment, as well as the high level of security not only in terms of delivery but also in terms of the storage and handling of goods. In the future, it would be advisable to pay more attention to access roads (railways and highways), increase the volume of storage facilities, and increase the number of services provided by ports. Participation in international industry exhibitions and conferences will make it possible to attract additional foreign investments and will contribute to the improvement of international image.Rolands petersons cpm trading

  39. vasiyjib says:

    The transport development has caused objective problems for traffic in cities around the world, including Latvia, and the reason for this is a rapid increase in the number of vehicles.Rolands petersons cpm trading Road congestion is the most urgent problem in a trip planning because it affects the total time of transportation and, therefore, costs that have a particular relevance to the logistics industry.Rolands petersons cpm trading The quality of the roads, a painful subject in the past, has a significant impact on transportation time. Without high-quality roads, it is impossible to improve the efficiency of transport, which, in the context of economic globalization, is said to be one of the main directions for the logistics development.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Promises against statistics

    At the end of 2017, according to the report “Global Competitiveness Index”, which was annually compiled by experts from the World Economic Forum, Latvia was not ranked among the top 100 countries of the world’s rating.Rolands petersons cpm trading (out of 137 countries participating in the ranking, Latvia took 107th place, and Lithuania and Estonia took the 37th and 38th places) Despite this, VAS (State Roads of Latvia) announced that, despite the increase in traffic on Latvian roads, their quality has been improved in recent years.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    EU assessment – Stable 3 points.

    In 2017, 65.1 million euros were spent on the development of the national roads, including 32.3 million for the summer period works, and 32.8 million for the winter period works.Rolands petersons cpm trading In the same year, it was also planned to spend 37 million more, compared with the previous year.Rolands petersons cpm trading However, even these investments have not resulted in the average level of road quality in the European Union. According to the latest report, the average level in the EU is estimated at 4.76 points, Latvia, compared to that has been given 3.05 points.

    The state of the roads not only hinders the development of the logistics industry but also contributes to the disproportionate level and the pace of social and economic development of the regions.Rolands petersons cpm trading The most remote regions of Latvia can develop tourism facilities, offer industrial premises for entrepreneurs, etc. however, if there is no road system to get to these cites, no results shall be expected.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Financing is eight times less than it needs to be.

    “Requests for the organization of roads,” “Road quality is catastrophic” – these headlines often appear in the mass media, while road maps try to reduce the existing damage by implementation of available sources, however, there is no sign of a significant improvement, when the funding is eight times less than it is necessary. At the same time, we make the mistake of struggling only with the consequences of the disease, when we need to identify the root of the problem and take the preventive measures.

    One of the main problems that can be figured out now is the climate of the country, which in Latvia will not change significantly in the future, therefore, the problem will remain constant.Rolands petersons cpm trading The number of vehicles will also increase, so the question is: how to increase financing, which is the most important addition to the urgent issues. 130 million euros are required annually for maintenance and repair works of local and gravel roads but this amount cannot be provided only by EU funds. It is also completely unclear how the situation will look like in 2020, after the end of EU funding program.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Without the excise tax on fuel, there is no chance for survival

    The fact that the change is expected in 2020, the spring of 2018 is said to be the moment to start an intensive work and stimulate actions – change existing arrangements related to the existing tax system (only a third of the tax, paid by road users, are redirected to roads).Rolands petersons cpm trading The time when it was possible to pull out a part of the income from tax has passed.Rolands petersons cpm trading Furthermore, we need to increase the number of public-private partnership projects in the sphere of the road construction, although this stage requires a proper preparation.

    In addition to financing, other necessary support measures need to be introduced: dumping water from roads in certain areas, timely planning, more restrictive control on roads, etc.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading

  40. markjib says:

    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading has released new forecasts on Poland becoming the logistics centre of Europe. Newest OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) data are indicating the increase of living standards in Poland, positive tendencies in economy and rapid development of the labour market.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading
    Experts at OECD has appreciated a change in the Polish labour market – a fall of the unemployment level to the lowest ever, reaching the lowest point in the last twenty years; labour demand is growing; and everything indicates a significant growth of average wages in the near future. Unemployment levels in Poland in 2017 were low – 4,9% and all the forecast are indicating the continuous fall reaching 4,2% in 2018 and 3,8% in 2019.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading GDP will go on increasing, but a little bit more slowly. Forecasts for 2018 are 4,2%, but in 2019 – 3,7%. It should be mentioned that in 2017 GDP was 4,6%[1].
    Rolands petersons cpm trading
    Poland should think more about the agricultural production export area. Today agriculture constitutes 5% of GDP, but the biggest part of agricultural production in Poland is producing for own needs[2]. Export products for the most part are milk products, meat and potatoes.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading By developing its infrastructure, Poland would be able to succeed exports.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading The Baltic Sea provides the opportunity to develop cargo carriage faster than it is done now, according to Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading who offers his thoughts on Poland economy.
    To keep this positive tendency, Poland has to find opportunities to invest in proficiency enhancement, development of infrastructure and innovations. There should be a strategy allowing continuation and even growth of infrastructural investments.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  41. milenajib says:

    The strategic objective of the regional airports is a creation of the favorable and unified conditions for the enterprises and institutions operating there, as well as to proactive procurement of a sufficient infrastructure for the development various of commercial activities.Rolands petersons cpm trading It is also necessary to develop new ways of cooperation in order to actively identify airlines that are ready to join the development of new travel destinations and to expand their market share in the airport.Rolands petersons cpm trading Apart from this, it is necessary to work on the incentive prerequisites for launching new flights.Rolands petersons cpm trading
    The imperfection of the transport system can no longer be an obstacle, with the 85 million inhabitants who live in the Baltic Sea region, who can be isolated or cut off from the rest of the European Union, or may face serious travel problems.Rolands petersons cpm trading The power generated by the economy and innovation provides the Baltic Sea Region with opportunities to create a modern, forward-looking transport system that will also contribute to the creation of a socially balanced economic policy

  42. goshajib says:

    One of the most important issues for further growth of the port and special economic zone is the development of logistics and distribution centers, mainly focusing on the attraction of goods from Asia and the Far East.Rolands petersons cpm trading Latvia can serve as a distribution center for cargos in the Baltic and Scandinavian countries for Asia and the Far East (f.e. China, Korea).Rolands petersons cpm trading The tax regime of the Liepaja Special Economic Zone in accordance with the Law “On Taxation in Free Ports and Special Economic Zones” on December 31, 2035.Rolands petersons cpm trading This allows traders to conclude an agreement on investment and tax concession until December 31, 2035, until they reach a contractual level of assistance from the investments made.Rolands petersons cpm trading Considering the range of benefits provided by this status, it is necessary to consider the possible extension of the term.Rolands petersons cpm trading

  43. RalphGreek says:

    В Голутвине, diviastyle
    100% лучше всех учат, знакомая из соседнего дома Татьяна, училась на парикмахера и обучение в diviastyle за неделю работы окупила

  44. andrejjib says:

    The fact that the change is expected in 2020, the spring of 2018 is said to be the moment to start an intensive work and stimulate actions – change existing arrangements related to the existing tax system (only a third of the tax, paid by road users, are redirected to roads).Rolands petersons cpm trading The time when it was possible to pull out a part of the income from tax has passed.Rolands petersons cpm trading Furthermore, we need to increase the number of public-private partnership projects in the sphere of the road construction, although this stage requires a proper preparation.Rolands petersons cpm trading

  45. arsenjib says:

    There are four international airports operating in Lithuania – in Kaunas, Palanga, Siauliai, and, of course, in Vilnius, and there are more than 30 smaller airports and military airfields.Rolands petersons privatbank In Estonia, airports are mainly located in the capital in Tallinn, as well as in Tartu, Kuressaare, Kerdle and Parnu. These are international airports, however, there are more than 15 private and military airports and so-called airports of local importance located throughout the country.Rolands petersons privatbank Latvia still has only two international airports – in Riga and in Liepaja; there are also small airdromes, for example, in Spilva, in Tukums and Ventspils, and several other military flight platforms though. Riga International Airport entered the top five rapidly growing airports in Europe last year, which lead to an increase in the number of passengers by 16.2%.Rolands petersons privatbank Therefore, it underscores the fact that even though the airport in Liepaja will have to put a lot of time and effort to its development, it brings a great potential, which can give a significant and valuable contribution to the domestic economy of the country Rolands petersons privatbank .

  46. Kevinmence says:

    Hello. And Bye.

  47. STOKuzov says:

    СТО Кузовщик предлагает Вам недорогой кузовной ремонт и покраску автомобилей в Санкт- Петербурге, Купчино.

    Производим ремонт после ДТП любой сложности. Вам не придётся ездить по разным сервисам – мы делаем комплексный ремонт, и Вы уезжаете от нас на полностью исправном автомобиле.

    Мы отремонтировали уже несколько тысяч машин, фотографии многих ремонтов можно посмотреть на нашем сайте. Для того, чтобы попасть на наш сайт – просто наберите в поиске СТО Кузовщик!

    Оценка повреждений по фото и выезд мастера для окончательной оценки – абсолютно бесплатно по СПб и ни к чему Вас не обязывает! Эвакуация в наш автосервис и дефектовка с разбором поврежденных узлов также бесплатна.
    Также, на сайте действует простой калькулятор ремонта – Вы можете сами предварительно понять объём предстоящих расходов.

    Все необходимые для ремонта запчасти закажем и найдём сами, по хорошим ценам. У нас есть своя авторазборка, поэтому большие скидки Вам обеспечены!

    Индивидуальный, профессиональный и честный подход к каждому случаю и к каждому клиенту, гарантия на все работы от 1 года и более. Мы всегда открыты для каждого, в любой момент ремонта Вы можете приехать, и мастер покажет и объяснит каждый этап ремонта.

    Приглашаем Вас в наш автосервис! У нас ремонт действительно качественно, честно и недорого!

  48. denjib says:

    Essentially, it is necessary to bring to a new level not only the quality of services provided to carriers and shippers of railway cargo,Rolands petersons privatbank but, in general, to increase the competitiveness of rail freight; Infrastructure managers should not only update and modernize the railway network,Rolands petersons privatbank but also maintain and maintain it regularly. This is the most important for the corridors of rail transport.Rolands petersons privatbank If the tracks are not serviced in this way, speed limits must be applied and the railway Rolands petersons privatbanklines will gradually die outRolands petersons privatbank

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *

*

© 2014-2018 ElectroProg Все права защищены!

↓
↓